interneuron


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interneuron

 [in″ter-noo´ron]
a neuron between the primary afferent neuron and the final motor neuron (motoneuron). Also any neuron whose processes lie entirely within a specific area, such as the olfactory lobe.
Interneuron as part of a three-neuron reflex arc in the spinal cord. From Dorland's, 2000.

interneuron

/in·ter·neu·ron/ (-noor´on)
1. a neuron between the primary sensory neuron and the final motoneuron.
2. any neuron whose processes are entirely confined within a specific area, as within the olfactory lobe.
Enlarge picture
Interneuron as part of a three-neuron reflex arc in the spinal cord.

interneuron

(ĭn′tər-no͝or′ŏn′, -nyo͝or′-)
n.
A nerve cell found entirely within the central nervous system that acts as a link between sensory neurons and motor neurons.

in′ter·neu′ro·nal (-no͝or′ə-nəl, -nyo͝or′-, -no͝o-rō′-, -nyo͝o-) adj.

interneuron

[-noo͡r′on]
a nerve cell whose axon and dendrite lie entirely within the central nervous system and whose function is to relay impulses within the central nervous system.

interneuron

A nerve that connects other nerves. An internuncial neuron.

interneuron

a neuron between the primary afferent neuron and the final motor neuron (motoneuron). Also any neuron whose processes lie entirely within a specific area, such as the olfactory lobe.
References in periodicals archive ?
Interneurons control complex networks between neurons, allowing them to send signals to one another in a harmonized way.
Researchers at the Eli and Edythe Broad Center at UCLA published the study on sensory interneurons, a class of neurons in the spinal cord, are responsible for relaying information from throughout the body to the central nervous system.
75) These findings together indicate cooperation between intrinsic and extrinsic factors when terminating interneuron motility.
During the outgoing phase, we will use 2-photon calcium imaging together with fluorescent labeled interneurons and optogenetics technologies to dissect out, in the mouse V1, the specific role of two interneurons subtypes (parvalbumin- (PV+) and calretinin-expressing (CR+)) in the orientation tuning and the emergence of simple-like receptive fields in pyramidal cells.
These findings may serve as a model to study human diseases in which mature interneurons malfunction, according to Kriegstein.
Nicholas utilized key growth factors and other molecules to direct the derivation and maturation of the human MGE-like interneurons.
Nrgl is a family of extracellular growth factors that requires the expression of the ErbB receptor on the interneuron cell surface during migration.
With an accumulated deficit of more than $78 million, because of heavy R&D costs and administrative expenses, interneuron might have closed in 1995 without an infusion of about $35 million from private placements of 3.
To determine what other interneurons were at play in the flexor-extensor circuit, the team looked for other cells in the spinal cord with properties that were similar to those of the V1 neurons.
The cortex contains two major types of nerve cells: pyramidal neurons that excite both local and more distant neighbors, and inhibitory interneurons that act as local dimming switches, shutting down the activity of nearby brain cells.
These mice carry only one copy of two genes known as Dlx5 and Dlx6, which govern the proper assembly of FS interneuron circuitry as the brain develops.
In contrast, decreased interneuron numbers were observed in mice overexpressing [[alpha].