following the evaluation of the functional deficiency, the initial values of 36% on flexion, 28,5% abduction, on internal rotation
, external rotation and 13% extension were obtained.
Bahamonde and Kundson (2003) investigated the kinetics of the tennis forehand stroke in different stances and observed that the SS helped generate a higher shoulder joint internal rotation
moment than did the OS (p < .
In our study no statistically significant difference was found in the external and internal rotation
of the hip joint between the athletes without injuries and those with a torn ACL.
The angular momentum of a photon is defined as the ratio between the rotational energy of the photon and the frequency of internal rotation
Furthermore, mobilization with exercises improved shoulder external and internal rotations
which were evaluated in standing position through inclinometer.
In the presence of considerable GIRD, the players have to bring about increased scapular protraction to compensate for the reduced internal rotation
in order to maintain the velocity of the overhead stroke (18, 19).
The injured extremity is held in internal rotation
with the loss of external rotation as the cardinal sign.
During this procedure it is important to stabilize the scapula using the proximal hand in order to prevent the internal rotation
from causing a protraction of the scapula, which would otherwise lead to an overestimation of the measurement.
Glenohumeral internal rotation
deficits (GIRDs) are consistent problems seen during the examination of overhead athletes.
Considering the internal rotation
(IR), the noninflatable slipper provided a 4[degrees] lower maximum angle.
In this article, dorsiflexion, inversion, and internal rotation
were defined as positive rotations, similar to ISB definitions.
Results demonstrated that there is a significant difference between foot hyper pronation with leg's internal rotation
, thigh internal rotation
and anterior tilt of pelvis bone , that in this study, effect of hyper pronation is great.