7) The patient was pathologically staged as T4aN2Mx; lymph nodes were positive in the external and internal iliac node
packets bilaterally and margins were positive for carcinoma in the left apical prostate.
30 for internal iliac LNs, and the intensity for the internal iliac nodes was significantly (p < 0.
Intensity of indocyanine green fluorescence in lymph nodes (LNs) determined by the luorescence navigation system; A: In the in vivo probing, the intensity difference between external and internal iliac nodes and the intensity difference between obturator and internal iliac nodes were statistically significant (p < 0.
6] Although the pathway by which prostate cancer cells leave the prostate capsule through the lymphatics and perineural spaces remains to be elucidated, the conventional and standard pelvic LN dissection (PLND) procedure has focused on the areas covering the external and obturator nodes, but not on the internal iliac nodes
2] Studer's group advocates dissection not only of the external and internal iliac nodes
and obturator nodes, but also the common iliac nodes up to the ureter.