Anatomically, the sympathetic fibers in the posterolateral hypothalamus pass through the lateral brain stem and to the ciliospinal center of Budge and Waller in the intermediolateral
gray column of the spinal cord at C8-T1.
Spinal clonidine decreases sympathetic outflow in the spinal cord intermediolateral
cell column, whereas neostigmine, through an enhanced acetylcholine release in preganglionic sympathetic neurons increases sympathetic outflow.
A direct orexigenic projection from LH to raphe pallidus activates its efferents to premotor sympathetic neurons in the spinal intermediolateral
The RVLM has pathway projecting to the spinal intermediolateral
column (IML)  which has high regulatory control on sympathoexcitation.
Aunado a ello, las neuronas que producen NO se encuentran en centros autonomicos que incluyen el NPV, NSO, nucleo del tracto solitario (NTS) y la columna ventrolateral (VLM) e intermediolateral
de la medula espinal (51).
These neurons provide excitatory output to preganglionic neurons located in the intermediolateral
cell column of the spinal cord that innervate several target organs through postganglionic sympathetic fibers.
Dos NSQ esta informacao e retransmitida para o nucleo paraventricular do hipotalamo (PVN), que por sua vez se conecta com a coluna intermediolateral
da medula, onde sao originadas fibras pre ganglionares, que chegam ao ganglio simpatico cervical superior e em seguida vao atingir a glandula pineal.
Therefore we used screw or plate fixation in the medial and intermediolateral
columns to reduce the effects of increased activities on mechanical transduction in midfoot.
The intermediate tier of nuclei comprises of the intermediate periventricular nucleus (Ipv), intermediocentral nucleus (Ice), intermedioposterior (Ipo), nucleus intermediolateral
(IL) nucleus and nucleus rotundus.
The neurons of this nucleus modulate sympathetic nervous activity through projections to rostral ventrolateral medulla and intermediolateral
column of spine cord and vasopressin secretion [44, 50-52].
MS with the spinal cord involvement is mostly associated with RLS but any lesion in the hypothalamic-spinal connection (A11 hypothalamic area to the dorsal and intermediolateral
spinal nuclei) may cause disinhibition of lower spinal levels, resulting in RLS .
The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is an important component that regulates sympathetic outflow via projections to the intermediolateral
column of the spinal cord and the Rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM).