The

intermediate variable [N.sup.2.sub.1,j] denotes the number of vehicles when the green light period is completed, which can be calculated by (19).

Suppose [x.sub.i] = [z.sub.j-2] + [z.sub.j-1] + [z.sub.j]; it is essential to set an

intermediate variable u and let [x.sub.i] = [z.sub.j-2] + [z.sub.j-1] to get x = u + [z.sub.j], so the constraints can be described as follows.

Third, creativity is considered an

intermediate variable in the entrepreneurial passion-alertness relationship.

However, when conditioning on an intermediate is the result of selecting and analyzing only a subset of the original population (as is the case in our situation described below), then the exposure-outcome association may not be a valid estimate of either the total effect of the exposure on the outcome, or the portion of the effect operating through causal pathways that do not involve the

intermediate variable.

In level h = 1 where no

intermediate variable appears, the function has the form

Then the set of clauses Top In direct relation path coefficients achieve, by multiplying the path coefficient between an independent variable with

intermediate variable and the path coefficient between

intermediate variable with Dependent variable.

Split-Bregman method uses an

intermediate variable to split [L.sub.1] regularization and [L.sub.2] regularization into two equations, where [L.sub.2] and [L.sub.1] regularization equation can be solved by steepest descent method and thresholding algorithm, respectively.

In these models, VSP is introduced as an

intermediate variable for the ability to build the relationship between energy consumption and vehicle microscopic driving parameters (i.e., instantaneous speed and acceleration).

The adversary finds a candidate key in the following key testing step by computing the only 1 byte of

intermediate variable V:

In mediation, we consider an

intermediate variable, called the mediator, that helps explain how or why an independent variable influences an outcome.

The foreign exchange rate is not considered here because short-term international capital movements affect monetary policy independence through their impact on the Central Bank's control over the interest rate and money supply, whereas the foreign exchange rate acts only as an

intermediate variable in the process.