interleukin


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interleukin

 [in´ter-loo″kin]
one of several proteins important for lymphocyte proliferation. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is produced by macrophages and induces the production of interleukin-2 by T cells that have been stimulated by antigen or mitogen. Interleukin-2 (IL-2), produced by T cells, stimulates the proliferation of T cells bearing specific receptors for IL-2; these receptors are expressed in response to antigenic stimulation. IL-2 also seems to induce the production of interferon and is used as an anticancer drug in the treatment of a wide variety of solid malignant tumors. Another interleukin, interleukin-3 (IL-3) is necessary for the differentiation of suppressor T cells.

in·ter·leu·kin (IL),

(in'tĕr-lū'kin),
The name given to a group of multifunctional cytokines after their amino acid structure is known. They are synthesized by lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, and certain other cells. See: lymphokine, cytokine.
[inter- + leukocyte + -in]

interleukin

(ĭn′tər-lo͞o′kĭn)
n.
Any of various small proteins that are produced by a variety of cell types, especially T cells and other white blood cells, and that regulate many aspects of inflammation and the immune response, including stimulating the production of white blood cells and platelets.

interleukin

Immunology Any of a family of cytokines produced by lymphocytes, monocytes, and other cells, which induce growth and differentiation of lymphoid cells and primitive hematopoietic stem cells;. See Biological response modifier.

in·ter·leu·kin

(IL) (in'tĕr-lū'kin)
The name given to a group of multifunctional cytokines after their amino acid structure is known. They are synthesized by lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, and some other cells.
See also: lymphokine, cytokine
[inter- + leukocyte + -in]

in·ter·leu·kin

(IL) (in'tĕr-lū'kin)
Group of eight multifunctional cytokines designated after their amino acid structure is known. They are synthesized by lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, and some other cells.
See: cytokine
[inter- + leukocyte + -in]
References in periodicals archive ?
Target: Interleukin Genetics/ genetics laboratory and remaining assets
Comparison of interleukin 18 (IL-18) in serum revealed a trend of decreasing IL-18 concentrations with an increase of creatine monohydrate in diet but this difference in IL-18 concentration between the treatments was statistically non significant (P = 0.16) (Fig.
This product release includes the following interleukins:
Paul, "Interleukin 4: signalling mechanisms and control of T cell differentiation," CIBA Foundation Symposia, no.
Interleukin 1B and interleukin 1RN polymorphisms are associated with increased risk of gastric carcinoma.
2 July 2012 - BTIG LLC acted the exclusive placement agent for the USD3m (EUR2.4m) private placement of Interleukin Genetics Inc's (OTCQB:ILIU) convertible preferred stock, the US genetic tests maker said today.
The level of interleukin in first hour was very high ( greater than 1000 pg/ml) in 17 samples while its median value was 100 pg/ml.
Interleukin production is higher in asthmatics than in people without the disorder.
The study investigated Oligonol intake on cortisol, interleukin (IL)-1[beta] and IL-6 concentrations at rest and after physical exercise in 19 healthy, sedentary males.
Primers were designed manually for first 3 exons of human Interleukin 2 gene sequence deduced from Ensemble Gene Location NCBI36:4:123591475:123597930:-1.