ASSOCIATED RISK: Thumb sucking in children often leads to open bite, treated by Interceptive Orthodontics' techniques.
Interceptive Orthodontics basically refers to measures undertaken to prevent a potential malocclusion (irregular teeth & malpositioned jaw) from progressing into a more severe one.
Castaner-Peiro, "Interceptive orthodontics
: the need for early diagnosis and treatment of posterior crossbites," Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal, vol.
Such determination is often required before eruption of the permanent canines and first and second premolars.4 Prediction of space deficiency is an essential entity of preventive as well as interceptive orthodontics
during mixed dentition.56 An accurate mixed dentition space analysis is one of the important criteria in determining whether the treatment plan may involve serial extraction guidance of eruption space maintenance space regaining or just periodic obser- vation of the patients.78 The prediction of unerupted permanent canine and premolar size in patients in the mixed dentition is important in early orthodontic diagnosis and treatment.9 Accurate estimation of the sizes of canines and premolars allows the dentist to better handle tooth/arch length discrepancies.10
Prediction of space required for unerupted canines and premolars is an important aid for treatment planning in interceptive orthodontics
. This entails determination of tooth size to be done prior to eruption of canines and premolars by mixed dentition space analysis.
* preventive and interceptive orthodontics
including the design and use of appliances for space maintainance, correction of dental crossbite and single tooth movement.
Another aspect of interceptive orthodontics
is the timely removal of primary teeth so that they do not block or deflect the underlying permanent teeth from their proper eruptive paths.
dentigerous cyst.2,6,9 Various treatment methods have been suggested including observa- tion, interceptive orthodontics
, surgical exposure with orthodontic intervention, auto-transplantation and ex- traction depending on position of impacted tooth, rela- tionship with adjacent teeth and need for orthodontic treatment.1,3,4,5
Subsequent sections cover growth and development, classification and etiology, diagnosis and diagnostic aids, biomechanics, prevention and interceptive orthodontics
, treatment planning, instruments, appliances, correction, surgery, retention and relapse, laboratory procedures, and recent advances.
* taking advantage of the many facets of interceptive orthodontics
(braces), with a goal of reducing the time required or need for future orthodontic treatment; and