Electrochemical method has been used to intercalate tetraoctylammonium bromide ions into pristine graphite powder at different potentials of -1.5 V, -2V, and -2.5 V.
Lerner, "Preparation of a homologous series of graphite alkylamine intercalation compounds including an unusual parallel bilayer intercalate arrangement," Chemistry of Materials, vol.
Values in first two columns of Table 1 correspond to PANI/MMT intercalate exposed to the pressure 28 MPa for 20 min (in the first column) and for 17 min (in the second column).
The relatively sharp 001 profile in comparison with other PANI/clay intercalates (see for example (Kulhankova et al., 2012)) indicates that MMT was fully intercalated by PANI chains.
Clay and clay intercalates are the focus of research due to their superior thermal, chemical, sportive and catalytic properties.
As it is well established that the properties of intercalates depend on the nature of the clay, the type of chemical intercalates and the synthesis conditions [13-15], hence, selection of starting clay would certainly effect the resultant intercalates.
Lattice exclusion remains the central lesson of these experiments: the graphite hexagonal planes continue to exclude the intercalate and struggle to remain "pristine" even at the cost of exfoliation.
The pressure anticipated by Zollner  is produced when the intercalate atoms increasingly populate the region between two adjacent hydrogen layers.
X-ray powder diffraction patterns of intercalates
were obtained using diffractometer INEL equipped with the curved position-sensitive detector.
(28) have reported comparative sorption experiments for molar mass in PCN and the results show that high molar mass fractions of polymer intercalate
preferentially into smectite clay during solution intercalation method.
Ooi, "Intercalation of bulk guest into LDH via osmotic swelling restoration reaction control of the arrangements of thiacalix  arene anion intercalates
," Chemistry of Materials, vol.
O'Hare, "New phosphonate intercalates
of [[Ca.sub.2]Al[(OH).sub.6]]N[O.sub.3]-y[H.sub.2]O: a synthetic and kinetic study," Solid State Sciences, vol.