intelligence test


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intelligence

 [in-tel´ĭ-jens]
the ability to comprehend or understand. It is basically a combination of reasoning, memory, imagination, and judgment; each of these faculties relies upon the others. Intelligence is not an entity within a person but a combination of cognitive skills and knowledge made evident by behaviors that are adaptive.

In speaking of general intelligence, authorities often distinguish between a number of different kinds of basic mental ability. One of these is verbal aptitude, the ability to understand the meaning of words and to use them effectively in writing or speaking. Another is skill with numbers, the ability to add, subtract, multiply, and divide and to use these skills in problems. The capacity to work with spatial relationships, that is, with visualizing how objects take up space, is still another (for example, how two triangles can fit together to make a square). Perception, memory, and reasoning may also be considered different basic abilities.

These abilities are the ones that are usually examined by intelligence tests. There are others, however, that may be as important or more important. Determination and perseverance make intelligence effective and useful. Artistic talent, such as proficiency in art or music, and creativity, the ability to use thought and imagination to produce original ideas, are difficult to measure but are certainly part of intelligence.
intelligence quotient (I.Q.) a numerical expression of intellectual capacity obtained by multiplying the mental age of the subject, ascertained by testing, by 100 and dividing by his or her chronologic age.
intelligence test a set of problems or tasks posed to assess an individual's innate ability to judge, comprehend, and reason.

in·tel·li·gence test

assesses, using well-researched items and involving a systematic method of administration and scoring, a person's general aptitude or level of potential competence, in contrast to an achievement test.

intelligence test

any of a variety of standardized tests designed to determine the mental age of an individual by measuring the relative capacity to absorb information and to solve problems. Compare achievement test, aptitude test, personality test, psychological test.

intelligence test

A test to assess specific cognitive functions, including verbal abilities, visuospatial construction, mathematical skills, reasoning, and logic. Results obtained from intelligence testing are used to calculate the intelligence quotient (IQ). The most commonly used intelligence tests (e.g., Wechsler or Stanford-Binet) have been validated in broad population studies. Nonetheless, IQ tests have been criticized on a variety of grounds because they may in some cases assess achievement, experience, or sociocultural advantages rather than intelligence.
See: intelligence; quotient, intelligence
References in periodicals archive ?
Standard intelligence tests can take a long time to complete, making it hard to gather results on huge numbers of people.
Although criticism regarding the construct validity of intelligence tests has been raised with respect to their use with African Americans, empirical students of the construct validity of intelligence tests provides consistent results for both European Americans and African Americans.
Predictive and concurrent validity of the universal nonverbal intelligence test and the test of nonverbal intelligence-II with achievement Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 59, 1-A.
In addition, the experienced and inexperienced examiners should administer a single intelligence test to participants in a counterbalanced manner.
Therefore, the present study was at developing a valid and reliable intelligence test for grade 7 students (age group 12-13years).
In accordance with a number of investigative studies (Phillipson, 2008; Ziegler & Stoeger, 2003), we use the term underachiever to refer to those pupils whose z-standardized average scholastic performances in mathematics were at least one standard deviation below their z-standardized result on the intelligence test.
With regard to the doctored photographs, Zenderland argues that the marks made around the eyes and mouth in those particular pictures were commonplace in photographs of the period and she maintains that Goddard would have had no reason to doctor these, as his argument was that a multitude of people were feeble-minded although they looked perfectly normal which is where the value of the intelligence tests in detecting such people lay.
he studied psychoanalysis at the University of Zurich and then landed a job in Paris standardizing intelligence tests for psychologist Alfred Binet.
Alfred Binet, the originator of the modern intelligence test, seemed to know this intuitively.
The doggie intelligence test is a 12-part examination which scores the dog on things like how it reacts when you grab your coat or pick up your keys and its lead.
When MTBI is suspected, "(a)ll too often, global indices such as intelligence test scores are used to presumably (yet inadequately) gauge the severity of [an individual's] deficits.
Furthermore, even though girls entering grade school score the same or better than boys in every sort of standardized intelligence test (except math), by the time they are ready to take their college aptitude tests (either the SATs or College Board Achievement Tests), girls have fallen behind boys in every academic area of testing.

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