intelligence test


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intelligence

 [in-tel´ĭ-jens]
the ability to comprehend or understand. It is basically a combination of reasoning, memory, imagination, and judgment; each of these faculties relies upon the others. Intelligence is not an entity within a person but a combination of cognitive skills and knowledge made evident by behaviors that are adaptive.

In speaking of general intelligence, authorities often distinguish between a number of different kinds of basic mental ability. One of these is verbal aptitude, the ability to understand the meaning of words and to use them effectively in writing or speaking. Another is skill with numbers, the ability to add, subtract, multiply, and divide and to use these skills in problems. The capacity to work with spatial relationships, that is, with visualizing how objects take up space, is still another (for example, how two triangles can fit together to make a square). Perception, memory, and reasoning may also be considered different basic abilities.

These abilities are the ones that are usually examined by intelligence tests. There are others, however, that may be as important or more important. Determination and perseverance make intelligence effective and useful. Artistic talent, such as proficiency in art or music, and creativity, the ability to use thought and imagination to produce original ideas, are difficult to measure but are certainly part of intelligence.
intelligence quotient (I.Q.) a numerical expression of intellectual capacity obtained by multiplying the mental age of the subject, ascertained by testing, by 100 and dividing by his or her chronologic age.
intelligence test a set of problems or tasks posed to assess an individual's innate ability to judge, comprehend, and reason.

in·tel·li·gence test

assesses, using well-researched items and involving a systematic method of administration and scoring, a person's general aptitude or level of potential competence, in contrast to an achievement test.

intelligence test

A test to assess specific cognitive functions, including verbal abilities, visuospatial construction, mathematical skills, reasoning, and logic. Results obtained from intelligence testing are used to calculate the intelligence quotient (IQ). The most commonly used intelligence tests (e.g., Wechsler or Stanford-Binet) have been validated in broad population studies. Nonetheless, IQ tests have been criticized on a variety of grounds because they may in some cases assess achievement, experience, or sociocultural advantages rather than intelligence.
See: intelligence; quotient, intelligence
References in periodicals archive ?
We do not believe simple processing speed should be included in the calculation of IQ, due to its simplicity and the very low g-loadings of such tasks on all intelligence tests, and recommend against it in our chapter on interpretation of the RIAS-2 in its professional manual (Reynolds and Kamphaus, 2015).
Although IEP decisions are team decisions, intelligence tests remain an integral part of educational diagnosing.
To evaluate the implications of deliberate practice when teaching test administration skills, novice, but trained, graduate student examiners administered intelligence tests to a convenience sample of volunteer school-age examinees assigned to a first test session.
Therefore, it seems in context to have a brief look into the Thurstone Model of Intelligence which provided the framework of intelligence test.
In accordance with a number of investigative studies (Phillipson, 2008; Ziegler & Stoeger, 2003), we use the term underachiever to refer to those pupils whose z-standardized average scholastic performances in mathematics were at least one standard deviation below their z-standardized result on the intelligence test. As represented in Table 3, Hypothesis 5 can also be confirmed.
Once he learnt of the Binet intelligence tests, he decided to try them out in his institution.
Philippe Rushton, and Vincent Sarich) who have continued Spearman's tradition of factor analyzing intelligence test scores to generate a theory of general intelligence - g - and some of whom (e.g., Thomas J.
One such instrument is the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT; Kaufman & Kaufman, 1990) which purports to assess intelligence.
Furthermore, even though girls entering grade school score the same or better than boys in every sort of standardized intelligence test (except math), by the time they are ready to take their college aptitude tests (either the SATs or College Board Achievement Tests), girls have fallen behind boys in every academic area of testing.
Griggs was a black applicant who, when he applied for a laborer position with Duke Power in North Carolina, was required to show a high school diploma and take an intelligence test. The case, which he won, ruled that a high school diploma wasn't relevant to the job in question.
This study found no association between Apgar scores at one and five minutes and intelligence test scores.
The study said that longer breastfeeding duration was associated with higher Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test score at age 3 years (0.21; 95 percent CI, 0.03-0.38 points per month breastfed) and with higher intelligence on the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test at age 7 years (0.35; 0.16-0.53 verbal points per month breastfed; and 0.29; 0.05-0.54 nonverbal points per month breastfed).

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