intake and output

in·take and out·put

(I&O) (intāk owtput)
Notations on a patient's hospital chart showing how much liquid was consumed and how much was eliminated as urine.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

intake and output


I and O

Measurement of a patient's fluid intake by mouth, feeding tubes, or intravenous catheters and output from kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, drainage tubes, and wounds. Accurate 24-hr measurement and recording is an essential part of patient assessment.
See: Intake and Output
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in classic literature ?
Without movement he lay on his back, and he could hear, slowly drawing near and nearer, the wheezing intake and output of the sick wolf's breath.
Apart from the vertical design, the separation of the compact filling station from the intake and output reduced the amount of space that must be cooled and cleaned with sterile, dry air.
The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the associations of fluid balance and strictly monitored fluid intake and output (total and specific types) at 24 and 48 hours of hospital admission with outcomes in AP.
The electronic medical records at Mayo Clinic Florida and Mayo Clinic Arizona were searched for patients hospitalized between May 1, 2008, and June 1, 2016, with a serum lipase [greater than or equal to] 240 [micro]/L and a documented clinical order for strict monitoring of intake and output written within the first 12 hours of hospitalization.
Six patients were hospitalized for less than two days and were excluded from all analyses assessing associations of fluid intake and output at 48 hours after hospital admission with LOS.
The two study sites had a total of 1256 patients admitted with acute pancreatitis during the study period; however, only 71 (5.6%) of those patients met the inclusion criteria, specifically a physician's order for strict intake and output monitoring ensuring the accurate measurement of these endpoints (Figure 1).
Fluid intake and output information at 24 and 48 hours after hospital admission is summarized in Table 2.
To better understand variables that may confound associations of fluid intake and output at 24 and 48 hours after hospital admission with LOS, we first examined associations of baseline characteristics and LOS; these results are shown in Table 3.
It includes taking blood samples, blood cultures and other relevant specimens, giving antibiotics, intravenous fluids and oxygen and close monitoring of vital signs and fluid intake and output to be able to assess progress and severity of sepsis.
Accuracy of intake and output (I&O) records is a key pitfall for this QI when it comes to MDS coding.
"And if you're not aware when family and friends give fluids, it alters the assessment of intake and output."
Treatments: Monitoring of fluid intake and output, daily weights, vital signs and a cardiorespiratory assessment every shift, IV fluids and/or medications daily, oxygen administration, and daily physician order changes.