insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio

insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio

,

I:C ratio.

The number of units of insulin that must be administered to a patient to prevent the carbohydrates consumed during a meal from elevating blood glucose levels. Typical I:C ratios for adults are 1:12. Children, who are usually more active than adults, may need only 1 unit of insulin for every 25 g of carbohydrates they eat.
References in periodicals archive ?
Advanced carb counting involving equations which help in better understanding of insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio and insulin dose adjustment are also included in this review.
The FIDs are then added up and put into the patient's pump, which is programmed to create an insulin-to-FID ratio, just as it does an insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio.
We have shown that the consumption of an increasing carbohydrate load leads to an exponential increase in postprandial glucose exposure when using a linear algorithm to determine the insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio after subcutaneous insulin injection, and increases the risk for delayed postprandial hyper- and hypoglycaemia.
We have shown that the glucose excursion after ingesting up to 4C (60g carbohydrate) can be limited by preprandial subcutaneous insulin using fixed insulin-to-carbohydrate ratios and that the slope of the curve is more linear in this range.
After data collection, the provider can estimate the patient's insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio.
Once the appropriate insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio is calculated, the patient can use specific functions of the insulin pump to promote glycemic control further.
This system used an algorithm based on the current glucose level and its gradient, the remaining effect of already-infused insulin, the amount of carbohydrate intake, and patient-specific factors such as basal insulin requirement and insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio.
This system utilized an empirical glucose-control algorithm based on a calculation of the current glucose concentration and its gradient, the remaining effect of already-infused insulin, the amount of carbohydrate intake, and patient-specific factors such as basal insulin requirement and insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio.
The Deltec Cozmo(R) Insulin Pump was the first smart insulin pump to have the ability to calculate insulin needs based on grams of carbohydrate consumed, a personalized insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio, and a personalized setting for effective insulin duration.
Without this Bolus Wizard, patients using insulin must consider their current and target blood glucose levels, current carbohydrate intake, insulin sensitivity factor, and insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio when mentally calculating an insulin dosage.
Full browser ?