insula


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island

 [i´land]
a cluster of cells or an isolated piece of tissue.
blood i's aggregations of mesenchymal cells in the angioblast of the embryo, developing into vascular endothelium and blood cells.
i's of Langerhans islets of Langerhans.
island of Reil insula.

in·su·la

, gen. and pl.

in·su·lae

(in'sū-lă, -lē), [TA]
1. An oval region of the cerebral cortex overlying the extreme capsule, lateral to the lenticular nucleus, buried in the depth of the fissura lateralis cerebri (sylvian fissure), separated from the adjacent frontal, parietal, and temporal opercula by the circular sulcus of insula. Synonym(s): insular area, insular cortex, island of Reil
2. Synonym(s): island
3. Any circumscribed body or patch on the skin.
[L. island]

insula

(ĭn′sə-lə, ĭns′yə-)
n. pl. insu·lae (-lē′)
An oval region found in each hemisphere of the cerebral cortex, lateral to the lentiform nucleus and situated within the sylvian fissure, involved in sensation, emotion, and autonomic function. Also called island of Reil.

in·su·la

(in'sū-lă) [TA]
1. An oval region of the cerebral cortex overlying the extreme capsule, lateral to the lenticular nucleus, buried in the depth of the fissura lateralis cerebri (sylvian fissure).
Synonym(s): island of Reil.
2. Synonym(s): island.
3. Any circumscribed body or patch on the skin.
[L. island]

Reil,

Johann C., German physician, neurologist, and histologist, 1759-1813.
circular sulcus of Reil - a semicircular fissure. Synonym(s): circular sulcus of insula; limiting sulcus of Reil
island of Reil - an oval region of the cerebral cortex overlying the extreme capsule, lateral to the lenticular nucleus, buried in the depth of the fissura lateralis cerebri (sylvian fissure). Synonym(s): insula; insular area; insular cortex
limiting sulcus of Reil - Synonym(s): circular sulcus of Reil
Reil ansa - a complex fiber bundle. Synonym(s): ansa peduncularis
Reil band - Synonym(s): medial lemniscus; septomarginal trabecula
Reil ribbon - Synonym(s): medial lemniscus
Reil triangle - Synonym(s): lemniscal trigone
References in periodicals archive ?
We observed reduced CT bilaterally in portions of the visual cortex (BA17 and BA18), insula (BA13), supramarginal gyrus (BA40), left superior (BA41) and middle (BA21) temporal gyri, right parahippocampus (BA35), right posterior cingulate cortex (BA31), and the claustrum (Figure 6, Table 6).
** (#) denotes P < 0.001 before and after stimulation in the insula cortex, while ** and * denote P < 0.001 and P < 0.05, respectively, between the OSA model and different stimulation frequencies in the habenula.
None of the clinical variables (SANS, SAPS, BPRS, and GAF scores, age, and duration of illness) were significantly correlated with grey matter volume of insula in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia (P > 0.004; Table 3 and Fig.
The normal references for each of these cerebral sulcus measurements, including the SF width, temporal lobe depth, width of uncovered insula, POF depth, POF angle, and CF depth, across the full spectrum of gestational ages were recorded [Figure 4].
Cabe destacar que se reporto una disminucion de la sustancia gris en la insula de pacientes con sindromes dolorosos y dichas disminuciones correlacionaron con la duracion en anos de la patologia dolorosa (Schmidt-Wilcke et al., 2007).
As stated earlier, the left insula plays a role in a network of structures involved in emotion recognition.
In the OAB group, absolute rCBF in the right ACC, left ACC, and the left insula was significantly higher in the high urgency state than the low urgency state.
Penfield and Jasper in 1954 were the first ones to use intra operative interictal stimulation of hidden surfaces under the frontal and parietal opercula as well as recording the insula activity after temporal lobectomy (12).
El tercer y ultimo espacio se dedica a la insula Barataria como antipoda del mundo oficial.
We found that compared to matched controls, depressed adolescents in the resting state had lower ALFF in the bilateral cuneate lobe, left occipital lobe, and left medial frontal lobe, and higher ALFF in the posterior cingulate, left inferior temporal gyrus, right superior temporal gyrus, right insula, right parietal lobe, and the right gyri fusiformis.
In contrast, consumption of the sugary drink in lean adults decreased cerebral blood flow in the hypothalamus, thalamus, striatum, insula, and the anterior cingulate cortex.
"Our focus was on a region of the brain called the insula - commonly referred to as the 'primary taste cortex'.