Applications involving energy or water balance could benefit from detailed insolation
It may be that the insolation
changes causes alterations in the atmosphere that in turn orchestrate a shift in global temperatures.
It appears they use California's low per capita energy consumption rate and an insolation
of 950 watts per square meter (the maximum insolation
possible on Earth), 24 hours per day.
Another factor to be taken into account beyond insolation
is the availability of solar radiation in the area.
Both intervals correspond to high insolation
rates over the northern North Atlantic and to an overall climate optimum (with a global temperature thought to be about 2[degrees]C higher than during preindustrial times, in the second case; e.
Beam-diffuse properties are needed to describe the scattered components of beam insolation
It is assumed that these properties are available with respect to both beam and diffuse insolation
The glass panels are in fact triple-glazed units, with blinds in the wider cavity automatically activated to cut down insolation
The SEE report uses standardized calculations combined with the installer's site specific equipment design and local solar insolation
estimates to provide the annual estimated energy production for the solar system.
Falling installation costs have made solar energy competitive with electricity prices in many of the high insolation
areas on the West Coast.
Edwards' method stands out for many reasons: it is simple, compact, and easily programmed (it can even be applied as a hand calculation); it is computationally fast and efficient; it can be applied to any number of layers; diffuse and/or off-normal beam insolation
can be handled; and it does not require the use of matrices or matrix manipulations.
The energy payback time is based on locations with about 1700 kWh/mU insolation
per year - which is typical for Southern Europe and Northern US.