insanity


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insanity

 [in-san´ĭ-te]
a medically obsolete term for mental derangement or disorder. Insanity is now a purely legal term, denoting a condition due to which a person lacks criminal responsibility for a crime and therefore cannot be convicted of it. adj., insane´.

in·san·i·ty

(in-san'i-tē), This is a legal term denoting mental incompetence and moral irresponsibility but having no specific medical meaning.
1. An outmoded term referring to severe mental illness or psychosis.
2. In law, the degree of mental illness that negates the patient's legal responsibility or capacity.
[L. in- neg. + sanus, sound]
Forensics A legal and social term for a condition that renders the affected person unfit to enjoy liberty of action, because of the unreliability of his behaviour with concomitant danger to himself and others; insanity denotes, by extension, a degree of mental illness that negates legal responsibility for one’s actions
Psychiatry A vague obsolete term for psychosis

insanity

Forensic medicine A legal and social term for a condition that renders the affected person unfit to enjoy liberty of action, because of the unreliability of his behavior with concomitant danger to himself and others; insanity denotes, by extension, a degree of mental illness that negates legal responsibility for one's actions. See Psychosis, Temporary insanity Psychiatry A vague obsolete term for psychosis.

in·san·i·ty

(in-san'i-tē)
1. A nonmedical term referring to severe mental illness or psychosis.
2. law That degree of mental illness that negates the person's legal responsibility or capacity.
[L. in- neg. + sanus, sound]

insanity

A legal rather than a medical term, implying a disorder of the mind of such degree as to interfere with a person's ability to be legally responsible for his or her actions. The term is little used in medicine but might equate to PSYCHOSIS. A defence of insanity, in law, is governed by the McNaughten Rules. These state, in part, ‘The jurors ought to be told in all cases that every man is presumed to be sane and to possess a sufficient degree of reason to be responsible for his crimes, until the contrary be proved to their satisfaction: and that to establish a defence on the grounds of insanity, it must be clearly proved that, at the time of the committing of the act, the party accused was labouring under such a defect of reason, from disease of the mind, as not to know the nature and quality of the act he was doing or, if he did know it, that he did not know he was doing what was wrong.’
References in periodicals archive ?
Yossarian's only way to avoid the missions is to declare insanity, but the only way to prove insanity is a willingness to embark on more of the highly dangerous bombing runs, thus creating the novel's absurd 'catch-22.'It was made into a 1970 movie directed by Mike Nichols with Alan Arkin as Yossarian.
"Moral Insanity" and the Lack of an Emotional Capacity
Rethinking Diminished Capacity as Generic Partial Insanity 57
Even if the physician who submitted the medical history of Lando never had a hand in his medical history and was not presented in the hearing of the case, his report can still be considered because Joyce never had a chance to present her evidence establishing the medical link between the insanity and the death of Lando.
A three-judge panel of the Court of Appeals refused to relax the state's hard-and-fast rule that evidence of a criminal defendant's mental state is barred unless the defendant pleads insanity. The defendant's lawyer contends he did file the requisite notice for an insanity defense.
The owner-chef of Edzo's Burger Shop in Evanston, a regular vendor at Lollapalooza the last seven years, says the four-day music festival is "constant insanity and craziness."
rooted in the definition of insanity. Insanity is a legal term of art
We don't' like to say we are a 'backward' country so let's just say we're suffering from a case of temporary insanity," he added.
Vaughan, an author, historian, and archaeologist, relates 25 cases of the insanity plea in crimes in Victorian Britain, with information on the alleged crime, insanity condition, and outcome in court.
Mayer, AZ, October 20, 2017 --(PR.com)-- The Insanity brand of male performance supplements from Justin Sayne Leather has picked up new financial and operational partners, setting the stage for growth in the mainstream market.
The former public schoolboy, who was found not guilty of murder on the grounds of insanity, begged for forgiveness from his 22-year-old victim's family.
PLANS to shorten future British and Irish Lions tours are "bordering on insanity" according to tour manager John Spencer.