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a cyclic sugar alcohol; usually referring to the most abundant isomer, myo-inositol, which is found in many plant and animal tissues and is often classified as part of the vitamin B complex.
A member of the vitamin B complex necessary for growth of yeast and of mice; absence from the diet causes alopecia and dermatitis in mice and "spectacle eyes" in rats. It occurs in a number of stereoisomeric forms: cis-, epi-, allo-, neo-, myo-, muco-, chiro-, and scyllo-inositols; the most abundant naturally occurring inositol is myo-inositol (usually meant when "inositol" occurs without a prefix).
inositol(ĭ-nō′sĭ-tôl′, -tōl′, ī-nō′-)
Any of nine isomeric alcohols, C6H12O6·2H2O, that are precursors to various signaling molecules.
inositolBiochemistry A structure in phospholipids–eg, phosphoinositol; its main isomeric form is myo-inositol; it is present in breast milk, and may ↓ complications of prematurity and ↓ death due to lung disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity
A member of the vitamin B complex.
A member of the vitamin B complex necessary for growth of yeast.