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Related to inosine: inosine pranobex


 (I) [in´o-sēn]
a purine nucleoside containing the base hypoxanthine and the sugar ribose, which occurs in transfer RNAs.
inosine monophosphate (IMP) a nucleotide produced by removal of the amine group from adenosine monophosphate in metabolism of purine nucleotides.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

in·o·sine (I, Ino),

9-β-d-Ribosylhypoxanthine; a nucleoside formed by the deamination of adenosine.
Synonym(s): hypoxanthinosine
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


(ĭn′ə-sēn′, -sĭn, ī′nə-)
A nucleoside that is involved in purine metabolism, as a precursor and a metabolite of adenosine.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


(I, Ino) (in'ō-sēn)
A nucleoside formed by the deamination of adenosine.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

inosine (I)

a NUCLEOSIDE found in some ANTICODONS of TRANSFER RNA. Inosine is ribosylhypoxanthine, the base being hypoxanthine, a derivative of ADENINE. Inosine generally occurs in the first position of the anticodon of certain tRNA molecules where it can base pair with U, C or A of the CODON on mRNA.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, ATP was degraded into xanthine or hypoxanthine via IMP or inosine generation, and GTP was degraded into GMP and guanosine in parallel during the aging process, resulting in increased contents of uric acid and PRPP.
Adenosine can also be converted back to AMP by adenosine kinase, an enzyme that converts adenosine to AMP, or irreversibly converted to inosine by adenosine deaminase, an enzyme degrading adenosine to inosine [44].
Bruskov, "Guanosine and inosine as natural antioxidants and radioprotectors for mice exposed to lethal doses of y-radiation," Doklady Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol.
Inosine released after hypoxia activates hepatic glucose liberation through A3 adenosine receptors.
Congenital diseases may also give rise to hyperuricemia, recessive disorders involving the overproduction of uric acid due to complete or partial lack of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl-transferase (HPRT) [18], which acts to salvage purines from degraded DNA, taking intracellular hypoxanthine to inosine monophosphate (IMP) and xanthine to xanthine Monophosphate (certain isozymes), and a deficiency or absence of this enzyme results in elevated concentrations of XOR substrates in the cell [19, 20].
This enzyme irreversibly converts adenosine to inosine and deoxyadenosine to deoxyinosine, and the speed rate of this reaction gives an account of enzymatic activity, calculated as ADA concentration in the laboratory.
Inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) acts synergistically with MSG when tasted.
CNIs play an essential part in the standard immunosuppressive regimens in combination with mycophenolate mofetil (a reversible inhibitor inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase--IMPDH) and corticosteroids [4], but they also may cause acute and chronic kidney toxicity [5], which is an important cause of long-term graft failure if not recognized and treated promptly.
For difficult or unknown targets, a new strategy for barcoding primer design is to couple multiple degenerate primers into a single primer cocktail with strategic placement of the nucleoside inosine, which pairs with A, C, and T.
Fox Foundation, says a vaccine against a protein, a blood-pressure drug called isradipine, and a supplement, inosine, looked promising in clinical trials.
But a few other substances -- a vaccine against a protein called alpha-synuclein, a blood pressure drug called isradipine, and inosine, a supplement that raises urate levels -- are showing promise in clinical trials.