(230.) Gerd Gigerenzer & Adrian Edwards, Simple Tools for Understanding Risk: From Innumeracy
to Insight, 327 British Med.
: Mathematical Illiteracy and Its Consequences (Paulos, 1988), the social and political consequences were given as the embodiment of various inadequacies, insufficiencies, and an overall lack of ability or awareness of how to function as a productive member of democratic society.
Such a project would mark the first assessment of innumeracy
in the Middle East and the first in a majority Muslim country.
pattern is also seen in individual estimations of the size
In general, innumeracy
has been found to have both short and long term effects on people's lives (Steen, 1991; Paulos, 1989) including mine workers (Smit & Mji, 2012) such as inability to control personal finances, inability to make adequate risk assessments, daily activities, and restricted employment opportunities.
Illiteracy and innumeracy
rates are high, and repressive social values are embedded in the culture.
Simple tools for understanding risks: From innumeracy
The profession of law, though, has embraced innumeracy
Republican commentators did nothing to improve their reputation for innumeracy
by spending the last several weeks of the election inexplicably ganging up on the shrewd New York Times political stat nerd Nate Silver, whose poll-of-polls model consistently (and accurately, it would turn out) gave Obama a strong shot at re-election.
"Many mundane mistakes in reasoning can be traced to a shaky grasp of the notion of conditional probability." John Allen Paulos, Innumeracy
: Mathematical Illiteracy and Its Consequences 63 (1988).
John Allen Paulos is Professor of Mathematics at Temple University and the author of Innumeracy
and A Mathematician Reads the Newspaper.
And that lack of knowledge, combined with widespread scientific illiteracy and innumeracy
, makes for a deadly combination.