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Malformation consisting of a cranial defect at the occiput, with the brain exposed; often in combination with a cervical rachischisis and retroflexion.
[G. inion, back of the head, + enkephalos, brain]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
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Common cephalic disorders include anencephaly, colpocephaly, holoprosencephaly, ethmocephaly, hydranencephaly, iniencephaly, lissencephaly, megalencephal, microcephaly, porencephaly, and schizencephaly.
The most prevalent are spina bifida and anencephaly and also include encephalocele, craniorachischisis, and iniencephaly (Kondo, Kamihira, & Ozawa, 2009).
INTRODUCTION: Iniencephaly is a rare birth defect having retroflexion of the head combined with severe distortion of the spine.
Most of iniencephalic babies are stillborn or die soon after birth (2, 9); however the milder forms of iniencephaly cases are not fatal.
Here we present a rare case of iniencephaly clausus with review of literature.
In another case cited by Walker (1974) a woman took meclizine and another antiemetic and had a child with iniencephaly and spina bifida.