inhibitory synapse


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to inhibitory synapse: Excitatory synapse

inhibitory synapse

A synapse which passes an inhibitory signal to its post-synaptic neuron or neurons causing it or them to be less likely to have an action potential or to have reduced frequency of action potentials.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Craig, "Interaction between autism-linked MDGAs and neuroligins suppresses inhibitory synapse development," The Journal of Cell Biology, vol.
Scheiffele, "Control of excitatory and inhibitory synapse formation by neuroligins," Science, vol.
That is to say, negative feedback in autapse can play similar function as inhibitory synapse. For further dynamical investigation and discussion, our proposed neuron model driven by autapse can be expressed as follows:
The above equation measures the rate of change of calcium concentration with time in response to the modulations of excitatory and inhibitory synapses.
We consider this period of transient inhibitory synapse formation, which coincides with neuromuscular synapse regeneration, to be the second stage of motoneuronal regeneration; that is, a stage of synaptogenesis following initial process outgrowth (Fig.
Huang, J.Z., and Scheifele, P., GABA and neuroligin singling: linking synaptic activity and adhesion in inhibitory synapse development.
which then has an inhibitory synapse onto alpha motor neurons that return to the same muscle where the GTO is located.
Furthermore, oxytocin receptors were found at the so-called putative excitatory synapses, both at presynaptic and postsynaptic terminals and at inhibitory synapses as well [49].
(48,49) A large fraction of inhibitory synapses are also present on dendritic shafts, and their detection requires specific molecular markers.
Legendre, "The glycinergic inhibitory synapse," Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, vol.
We found that weak (non-noxious) tactile input readily activates the L30s, and that this activation is sufficient to potentiate the L30 inhibitory synapse onto L29 neurons.
(75) As animals mature, N- and R-type channels are down-regulated in nerve terminals and synaptic transmission becomes predominantly mediated by P/Q-type channels at major excitatory and inhibitory synapses with relatively strong synaptic efficacy, such as the calyx of Held synapse, the inhibitory synapse from cerebellar Purkinje cells to deep cerebellar nuclear (DCN) cells, and the reticulo-thalamic inhibitory synapse (Fig.