inhalation


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Related to inhalation: inhalation therapy

inhalation

 [in″hah-la´shun]
1. the drawing of air or other substances into the airways and lungs; see also aspiration. Called also inspiration.
2. any drug or solution of drugs administered (as by means of nebulizers or aerosols) by the nasal or oral respiratory route.

in·ha·la·tion

(in'hă-lā'shŭn),
1. The act of drawing in the breath. Synonym(s): inspiration
2. Drawing in a medicated vapor with the breath.
3. A solution of a drug or combination of drugs for administration as a nebulized mist intended to reach the respiratory tree.
4. Drawing in or exposed to an agent (gas, vapor, or particulate) that is contained in inspired or inspirable air.
[L. in-halo, pp. -halatus, to breathe at or in]

inhalation

/in·ha·la·tion/ (in″hah-la´shun)
1. the drawing of air or other substances into the lungs.inhala´tional
2. the drawing of an aerosolized drug into the lungs with the breath.
3. any drug or solution of drugs administered (as by means of nebulizers or aerosols) by the nasal or oral respiratory route.

inhalation

(ĭn′hə-lā′shən)
n.
1. The act or an instance of inhaling.
2. An inhalant.

inhalation

anthrax

Greek, anthrax, a burning coal, charbon, milzbrand Infectious disease An often fatal bacterial infection which occurs when Bacillus anthracis endospores, primarily of grazing herbivore–cattle, sheep, horses, mules–origin enter via skin abrasions, inhalation, or orally Pathogenesis Anthrax endospores germinate within macrophages, become vegetative bacteria, multiply within the lymphatics, enter the bloodstream and cause massive septicemia Clinical URI-like symptoms, followed by high fever, vomiting, joint pain, SOB, internal and external hemorrhage, hypotension, meningitis, pulmonary edema, shock sudden death; intestinal anthrax is caused by ingestion of contaminated meat; cutaneous anthrax is rare Diagnosis ELISA for capsule antigens–95+% senstivity, for protective antigen–72% sensitivity; detection of exotoxins in blood is unreliable Prevention Prophylaxis–6 wks with doxycycline or ciprofloxacin; vaccination, with anthrax vaccine absorbed; decontamination with aerosolized formalin Management Penicillin, doxycycline; if allergic to penicillin, chloramaphenicol, erythromycin, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin See Bacillus anthracis, Cutaneous anthrax, Industrial anthrax, Inhalation anthrax.
Anthrax, clinical forms
Pulmonary
Almost universally fatal–due to inhalation of anthrax spores which germinate and produce toxins resulting in pleural effusions, hemorrhage, cyanosis, SOB, stridor, shock, death
Inhalation
Anthrax pneumonia, inhalational anthrax, pulmonary anthrax An almost universally fatal form due to inhalation of 1 to 2 µm pathogenic endospores which are deposited in alveoli, engulfed by macrophages and germinate en route to the mediastinal and peribronchial lymph nodes, produce toxins Clinical Mediastinal widening, pleural effusions, fever, nonproductive cough, myalgia, malaise, hemorrhage, cyanosis, SOB, stridor, shock, death, often accompanied by mesenteric lymphadenitis, diffuse abdominal pain, fever
Cutaneous
Once common among handlers of infected animals, eg farmers, woolsorters, tanners, brushmakers and carpetmakers in an era when brushes were from animals Clinical Carbuncle–a cluster of boils, that later ulcerates, resulting in a hard black center surrounded by bright red inflammation; rare cases which become systemic are almost 100% fatal
Gastrointestinal
After ingesting contaminated meat–2 to 5 days; once ingested spores germinate, causing ulceration, hemorrhagic and necrotizing gastroenteritis Clinical Fever, diffuse abdominal pain with rebound tenderness, melanic stools, vomit, fluid and electrolyte imbalances, shock; death is due to intestinal perforation or anthrax toxemia
Oropharyngeal
Uncommon, follows ingestion of contaminated meat Clinical Cervical edema, lymphadenopathy–causing dysphagia, respiratory difficulty
Anthrax meningitis
A rare, usually fatal complication of GI or inhalation anthrax with death occurring 1 to 6 days after onset of illness Clinical Meningeal symptoms, nuchal rigidity, fever, fatigue, myalgia, headache, N&V, agitation, seizures, delirium, followed by neurologic degeneration and death
.

in·ha·la·tion

(in'hă-lā'shŭn)
1. The act of drawing in the breath.
Synonym(s): inspiration.
2. Drawing a medicated vapor in with the breath.
3. A solution of a drug or combination of drugs for administration as a nebulized mist intended to reach the respiratory tree.
[L. in-halo, pp. -halatus, to breathe at or in]

inhalation (inˈ·h·lāˑ·shn),

n the entry of vapor into the body by means of the respiratory tract.

in·ha·la·tion

(in'hă-lā'shŭn)
1. The act of drawing in the breath.
Synonym(s): inspiration.
2. Drawing in a medicated vapor with the breath.
[L. in-halo, pp. -halatus, to breathe at or in]

inhalation (inhəlā´shən),

n the drawing of air or other gases into the lungs.
inhalation, endotracheal,
n the inhalation of an anesthetic mixture into the lungs through an endotracheal catheter at low or atmospheric pressure.

inhalation

1. the drawing of air or other substances into the lungs.
2. any drug or solution of drugs administered (as by means of nebulizers or aerosols) by the nasal or oral respiratory route.

inhalation injury
bronchiolitis and pulmonary edema result from the inhalation of smoke.
inhalation pneumonia
see aspiration pneumonia.

Patient discussion about inhalation

Q. How can I know the inhaler is empty? My 8 years-old boy has asthma and he takes steroids with inhaler. Every time it runs out of med we get a prescription for a new one. Is that OK? A friend that her son is treated with similar inhaler told me that towards the end it no longer delivers enough medication. How can I know I should get a new one?

A. Here is a video you may find usefull:
<br><object width='425' height='355' id='FiveminPlayer'><param name='allowfullscreen' value='true'/><param name='movie' value='http://www.5min.com/Embeded/8938/'/><embed src='http://www.5min.com/Embeded/8938/' type='application/x-shockwave-flash' width='425' height='355' allowfullscreen='true'></embed></object>

Q. What are the side effects for the regular asthma inhalers? I am taking an inhaler (non-steroid one) for my asthma and I wanted to know what can be possible side effects to this treatment.

A. Simple inhalers that contain a material that helps with keeping the bronchi not constricted, have side effects that are related to the sympathetic nervous system- such as slight tremor, small increase in heart rate or blood pressure, but these are all in greater risk when taking in a not-inhaled way. Patients must be cautioned against using these medicines too frequently, as with such use their efficacy may decline, producing desensitization resulting in an exacerbation of symptoms which may lead to refractory asthma, meaning that the attack might not be relieved by these medications anymore.

Q. Is a Proventil Inhaler cheaper by you than Secirity Blue? I pay $60. with Security Blue now. Is it cheaper with you for a three months supply ?

A. here is a drug prices comparing site-
http://www.compare-prescription-prices.com/drug/Proventil.htm

but i couldn't find there that other drug you were talking about....is that it's name?

More discussions about inhalation
References in periodicals archive ?
INHALATION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY THROUGH DISCOVERY AND REGULATORY NON-CLINICAL DEVELOPMENT
Nitrous oxide/oxygen inhalation sedation has proved to be a safe and effective approach for controlling pain and anxiety.
Those already using inhalation devices, Group-A, were asked to demonstrate the technique for evaluation of its correctness before a panel of three expert observers.
Local administration of drugs by inhalation devices has become the main stay of treatment in patients of bronchial asthma and COPD owing to rapid onset of action, maximal potency at the level of airways and minimal side effects.
The protein content of inhalation may be an important factor for inhalation lactose because of the need to eliminate the risk of prophylaxis.
Acute leukoencephalopathy after inhalation of a single dose of heroin.
In conclusion, decreased exacerbations in patients with asthma and COPD, along with ease of use for older patients or those who have issues with other types of inhalation devices, suggest that BIS administered via a nebulizer may be a treatment option for adults with asthma or COPD who remain suboptimally controlled on ICS-based therapy administered via DPI or MDT.
The mean age of the inhalation group was 28 years and ranged from 2 years to 62 years.
Our inhalation device, which is based on our proprietary Mystic(TM) (EHD) technology, has the potential to be a next-generation best-in-class pulmonary delivery tool that will provide patients with an efficient and easy solution for administering their inhaled medications," stated Leslie Williams, president and CEO of Ventaira.
Avoid dispensing the capsules for inhalation without the inhalation device.
Using cost data obtained from 12 inhalation therapy suppliers that accounted for more than 42 percent of 2003 Medicare inhalation therapy payments, GAO found that 2003 acquisition costs for the three inhalation therapy drugs representing approximately 98 percent of Medicare inhalation therapy drug expenditures varied widely.
Two teenage brothers were burned and five others suffered smoke inhalation early Wednesday when a fire ripped through an apartment building, officials said.