ingrown nail


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ingrown nail

 [in´grōn]
aberrant growth of a toenail, with one or both lateral margins pushing deeply into adjacent soft tissue, causing pain, inflammation, and possible infection. The condition occurs most frequently in the great toe, and is often caused by pressure from tight-fitting shoes. Another common cause is improper cutting of the toenails, which should be cut straight across or with a curved toenail scissors so that the sides are a little longer than the middle.

in·grown nail

a toenail, one edge of which is overgrown by the nailfold, producing a pyogenic granuloma; due to faulty trimming of the toenails or pressure from a tight shoe.

in·grown nail

(in'grōn nāl)
A toenail, one edge of which is overgrown by the nailfold, producing a pyogenic granuloma; due to faulty trimming of the toenails or pressure from a tight shoe.

ingrown nail

Growth of the nail edge into the soft tissue, causing inflammation and sometimes an abscess. Ingrown nails may be due to improper paring of the nails or pressure on a nail edge from improperly fitted shoes. In many cases, this condition may be prevented by cutting the nails straight across.
See also: nail

Patient discussion about ingrown nail

Q. How to prevent an ingrown toenail? I recently had an ingrown toenail and am scared of having another. How can I prevent it?

A. When you trim your toe nails make sure your cut them straight a cross. What ever you do, don't tear the nail off.

Q. How to treat an ingrown toenail? I think I have an ingrown toenail. How to treat it?

A. When the problem is mild, you may only need to soak your foot in warm water for 15 to 20 minutes and place dry cotton, such as part of a cotton ball, under the corner of the nail. Signs that the problem is getting worse include increasing pain, swelling and drainage of the area. Sometimes minor surgery is needed to remove the part of the nail that is poking into the skin.

Q. What are the symptoms of an ingrown toenail? My son has a red toe and complains that it hurts. Is this an ingrown toenail?

A. The main symptom of an ingrown toenail is the pain from the nail growing into the skin instead of over it. If the ingrown toenail gets infected, it might be swollen or red, and it might drain pus. The area around the ingrown toenail is often painful.

More discussions about ingrown nail
References in periodicals archive ?
Skin bridging secondary to excess soft tissue hypertrophy can be observed in untreated bilateral Heinfert or Frost stage 3 ingrown nails.
Follow-up study of patients treated for ingrown nails with the nail matrix phenolization method.
Now an independent dancer, instructor, and choreographer in New York City, she still finds herself with occasional splits, ingrown nails, bunion pain, calluses, and blisters.
Trim your toenails straight across and file the edges to prevent ingrown nails, or have someone do it for you.
The Foot Health Center of Northridge offers free foot examinations and answers questions regarding bunions, hammertoes, ingrown nails and diabetic foot care.
Always file toe nails straight across, which will prevent ingrown nails.
Those Aching Feet: Your Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Foot Problems is a simple guide for lay people concerning how to prevent, identify, and take care of ailments ranging from ingrown nails to warts, callouses, bunions, flat feet, and even diabetes-related difficulties.
Some pantyhose, usually cheaper ones, don't have adequate elasticity, which may cause the toes to be constricted and forced upwards, leading to ingrown nails and hammertoes.
If parents take time to perform these checks, they will identify symptoms of common foot ailments, such as ingrown nails, and more serious foot disorders, like flat feet, that can hamper a child's performance in physical education classes and sports," indicates Kimberly Eickmeier, a podiatric foot and ankle surgeon at the Christie Clinic, Champaign, III.
Cutting too short or cutting the corners of the nail can lead to ingrown nails.