RCA algorithms In this group, citrate entered the blood via online infusate
and moved across the dialyser membrane.
The catheter itself can be involved in 4 different pathogenic pathways like colonization of the catheter tip and cutaneous tract with skin flora; colonization of the catheter lumen caused by contamination; hematogenous seeding of the catheter from another infected site; and contami-nation of the lumen of the catheter with infusate
To calculate the fluid requirement over this period, the free water deficit needs to be determined over and above the fluid requirements for maintenance and ongoing losses.[61 It is recommended that isotonic saline with 5% dextrose should be used routinely,  although regular monitoring of the hydration state and Na levels is required so that the volume and Na content of the infusate
fluid can be adjusted as needed.
and subject identities were double-checked by the research and clinical nursing staff.
This allows pressurized extracellular bulk flow in addition to diffusion (i.e., convection plus diffusion) so that the homogenous distribution of materials in the infusate
can spread across significant distances (estimated to be up to several cm in the human brain) from the infusion cannula tip.
We cannulated an antecubital vein to administer the infusate
, and we also cannulated a dorsal vein and kept warm to facilitate venous sampling and provide arterialized venous blood.
Improper catheter placement, insufficient infusion, and infusate
reflux have been observed in a considerable number of patients.
Hayek and Goomber  proposed various routes of infection spread such as direct spread from skin flora with migration along the catheter, contamination of the infusate
, and hematogenous spread from a distant source, with prime suspicion given to that of direct spread from skin flora with migration along the epidural catheter.
(2) The effects of venous tubing insulation and infusion flow rate on the infusate
temperature rise from the level of the fluid bag to the level of the intravenous cannula at ambient conditions.
Mycobacterium abscessus bacteremia after receipt of intravenous infusate
of cytokine-induced killer cell therapy for body beautification and health boosting.
He used continuous infusion of 0.125% bupivacaine and subsequent addition of fentanyl to the infusate
via a catheter inserted via supraclavicular approach into the sheath of brachial plexus.
They stated that DEHP release is associated with the length of infusion line, pH of the infusate
, flow rate, duration and lipophility of infusion.