Influenza is contagious respiratory disease that is caused by influenza viruses
and can lead to hospitalization and even death in certain severe cases.
Health experts at the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) want people to know about the potential for swine at these events to carry influenza viruses
which can make people sick, and to take some simple precautions.
Co-infection of different subtypes in canine may give an opportunity for the emergence of novel reassortant influenza viruses
. Canine influenza virus (CIV) was first reported in 2004 from Florida racetrack Greyhounds and recognized as H3N8 subtype (Crawford et al., 2005).
Swine influenza is an infection caused by any one of several types of swine influenza viruses
. Swine influenza virus (SIV) or swine-origin influenza virus (S-OIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs.
Seasonal influenza viruses
account for about 650,000 deaths per year, whereas pandemic strains such as the 1918 H1N1 virus have been linked to 50-100mn deaths worldwide.
Canine influenza viruses
, Genetic evolution, H3N2 subtype, Isolation and identification.
In this study, we identified influenza viruses
jumping from pigs into dogs," said study investigator Adolfo GarcE[degrees]a-Sastre, who is director of the Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute and principal investigator at the Icahn School of Medicine's Centre for Research on Influenza Pathogenesis (CRIP).
Ferrets and humans share similarities in lung physiology, cellular receptor distribution, and clinical signs of infection, making the ferret an attractive small mammalian model for laboratory study of influenza viruses
So far this year, a total of 57 poultry farms across Taiwan have been found infected by highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses
, with more than 414,000 birds culled, bureau data showed.
They also informed the audience on global perspective of influenza and highlighted the epidemiology of seasonal influenza and emergence of pandemic influenza viruses
At the same time, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists are keeping a watchful eye on emerging animal influenza viruses
. These viruses pose a public health concern, because they can potentially jump directly from animals to humans and cause serious disease.
The majority of the influenza viruses
collected and received from the United States and other countries during that time have been characterized genetically or antigenically as being similar to the 2017 Southern Hemisphere and 2017-18 Northern Hemisphere cell-grown vaccine reference viruses; however, a smaller proportion of the circulating A(H3N2) viruses showed similarity to the egg-grown A(H3N2) vaccine reference virus which represents the A(H3N2) viruses used for the majority of vaccine production in the United States.