At the beginning of January 2015, a seventeen year old girl presented with Influenza syndrome
(dry cough, elevated body temperature up to 38[degrees]C).
Pneumonia may happen as a continuum of the acute influenza syndrome
when caused by the influenza virus (primary pneumonia) or as a mixed viral and bacterial infection after a gap of a few days (secondary pneumonia).
HM the King's personal physician stated that the Sovereign has, since Monday, contracted acute influenza syndrome
with 39.5 degree fever, complicated by bronchitis.
When estimating a cross-correlation function to the citywide data, the absenteeism time series correlated most strongly with the fever/ influenza syndrome
time series at a 2-day lag (pH1N1 period, r = 0.550; entire study period, r = 0.213), indicating that changes in absenteeism were most strongly correlated with changes in fever/influenza syndrome visits 2 days earlier.
Bilateral sub macular hemorrhages associated with an influenza syndrome
. Ann Ophthalmol 1983;15:710-712.
Data collected for each patient included demographics, comorbidities, for women whether pregnant or postpartum <28 days, hospital and ICU admission and discharge dates, presence and type of influenza syndrome, daily use of mechanical ventilation, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), renal replacement therapy and vasopressors, and ICU and hospital outcome.
We included age as a continuous variable in the model and the following as categorical variables: the presence or absence of pregnancy; hospital survival; the presence or absence of any comorbidity; ventilation status; race or ethnic group; and the type of influenza syndrome. A two-sided P value of less than 0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance, except in the multivariate model, where a P value of less than 0.01 was used to increase the robustness of the model.
We also found that patients admitted with viral pneumonitis/ARDS due to 2009 H1N1 influenza had a significantly longer LOS (median 19 vs 12 days) and significantly higher treatment costs compared to those admitted to ICU with other influenza syndromes. There was, however, no significant difference in the mortality rate between patients admitted with viral pneumonitis/ARDS due to 2009 H1N1 influenza and those admitted with other influenza syndromes (17.3% vs 15.3%).
A pneumonia & influenza syndrome was designed to capture influenza-related mortality.
In Kingston, improvements in data quality from the inclusion of additional causes of death in the mortality data stream may make it possible to modify the pneumonia & influenza syndrome to more closely approximate the ICD standard.
Neuraminidase inhibitors appear to reduce the duration of clinically significant influenza syndrome
by about 20% or one day in healthy adolescents and adults (Schmidt, 2004).
In the 2004 epidemic in Vietnam, prominent clinical signs and symptoms of avian influenza H5N1 were those of a severe influenza syndrome
with fever, cough, diarrhea, and shorthness of breath.