inference

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in·fer·ence

(in'fĕr-ens),
The logical process of passing from observations and axioms to generalizations; in statistics, the development of generalizations from sample data, usually with calculated degrees of uncertainty.

inference

(in′f(ĕ-)rĕns)
A conclusion drawn by a logical analysis of the available evidence.

inference

a conclusion about a population derived from a sample of the population.
References in classic literature ?
He wished to know whether he was right in inferring that I meant to cast a reproach upon her memory, and a disrespect upon her family.
Inferring biological pathways requires research teams to mine and interpret vast quantities of genomics data.
In addition to examining the students' receptive vocabulary size (measured by PPVT (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test III)), the vocabulary inference test was developed in order to capture the students' ability to infer the meaning of unfamiliar words in context and the students' metacognitive abilities to describe their strategies for inferring meaning.