The inferior vesical artery
supplies the base of the bladder; however, it is not possible to detect it during every dissection every dissection.
It is a long, slender vessel and usually originates in the inferior vesical artery
and accompanies the ductus deferens as far as the testis.
In obstetrical hysterectomies the uterine artery is clamped on both sides; while in bilateral ligation of internal iliac artery the visceral branches clamped are the uterine, the superior vesical artery, the middle vesical artery, the inferior vesical artery
, the middle haemorrhoidal artery, the inferior haemorrhoidal artery and vaginal artery
The visceral branches of the anterior division are superior vesical artery (SV), inferior vesical artery
(IV), middle rectal artery (MR), uterine and vaginal arteries.
These results indicate that the major lymphatic channels involved in the spread of bladder cancer are those along the inferior vesical artery
to the internal iliac artery.
There is collateral circulation from the deferential artery (a branch of the inferior vesical artery
, which arises from the internal iliac) and the cremasteric artery (a branch of the inferior epigastric artery).
The anterior trunk gives superior vesical artery, inferior vesical artery
, middle rectal artery, vaginal artery, obturator artery, uterine artery, internal pudendal artery and inferior gluteal artery.