inferior parathyroid gland

inferior parathyroid gland

[TA]
one of the two parathyroid glands developing from the endoderm of the third pharyngeal pouch. In early development, they connect with the diverticulum of the third pouch that forms the thymus, and are carried with the thymus during its caudal migration, the glands usually migrating to the inferior poles of the thyroid gland.
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The inferior parathyroid gland, arising from the third pharyngeal pouch, has a longer migration and is more likely to be found in ectopic locations.
The fallen one: The inferior parathyroid gland that descends into the mediastinum.
Following discussion at the multidisciplinary team meeting, the patient was scheduled for a right thyroid lobectomy and concurrent removal of the right inferior parathyroid gland.
As compatible with this theory, all cysts had originated from inferior parathyroid gland as our presented case.
This nodule appeared grossly consistent with a normal inferior parathyroid gland.
One-half of the right inferior parathyroid gland was tagged with nonabsorbable suture and left in place with an intact vascular pedicle.
During exploration of the left side of the neck, the left superior parathyroid gland was enlarged, whereas the left inferior parathyroid gland was grossly within normal limits.
Technetium Tc 99m sestamibi scintigraphy confirmed the presence of an adenoma of the left inferior parathyroid gland (figure 2).
Three-and-one-half glands were removed, leaving only one-half of the left inferior parathyroid gland.
14] Superior and inferior parathyroid glands may be elevated anteriorly and is at risk of inadvertent removal or devascularisation.
The inferior parathyroid glands are more variable in location but are found most commonly on the posterolateral aspect of the thyroid capsule in close association with the inferior pole of the thyroid.

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