inferior epigastric artery


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in·fe·ri·or ep·i·gas·tric ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, external iliac; branches, cremasteric, muscular and pubic; anastomoses, superior epigastric, obturator. With overlying peritoneum, forms lateral umbilical ligament and forms a basis for distinguishing types of inguinal herniae: direct hernias pass medial to the artery; indirect hernias pass laterally.

inferior epigastric artery

A branch of the external iliac artery, just above the inguinal ligament; it runs upward and medially along the anterior abdominal wall medial to the internal inguinal ring. It then continues upward in the rectus sheath and eventually anastomoses with the superior epigastric artery, which is running downward in the sheath.
See also: artery
References in periodicals archive ?
Burket, "Percutaneous coronary intervention through unintentional sheath placement in the inferior epigastric artery," Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics, vol.
The variability in the origin and branching pattern of the inferior epigastric artery which may communicate with the internal iliac system has a high risk of internal haemorrhage in superior pubic fractures and inguinal or femoral hernial repairs.
These cadavers were dissected (n=171) and their right and left sides were examined to study the gross anatomic characteristics of the inferior epigastric artery including its mode of origin.
In the present study, it investigated the origin of the inferior epigastric artery in 171 embalmed cadavers (92 male and 79 female).
The vascular roadmap depends on two crucial vessels, namely the inferior epigastric artery and the femoral vein.
Step 1: If the hernia sac is located lateral to the origin of the inferior epigastric artery and vein, it is an indirect inguinal hernia (Figures 2-4).
Several studies report its incidence from the inferior epigastric artery by 8 %, 14.81 %, 22 % and 27.34 %, respectively (Mahato; Sarikcioglu et al., 2003; Lau & Lee, 2003; Pick et al.).
Before the obturator artery appears as a separate vessel from pelvic vascular system, blood flow dedicated to this area makes an unusual choice from the source trajectory and instead originate from the internal iliac artery as usually occurs, it arises from the inferior epigastric artery.
Origin of the aberrant obturator artery from the inferior epigastric artery in the left hemipelvis.
[8.] Young and Rohr--1995 Use of inferior epigastric artery to rec/Vascularise the lower pole renal artery in renal transplant American Jr of Anat 185-187.
Coronary artery bypass grafting with the inferior epigastric artery. Midterm clinical and angiographic results.

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