ophthalmia neonatorum

(redirected from infantile purulent conjunctivitis)
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ophthalmia

 [of-thal´me-ah]
severe inflammation of the eye or of the conjunctiva or deeper structures of the eye.
Egyptian ophthalmia trachoma.
gonorrheal ophthalmia gonorrheal conjunctivitis.
ophthalmia neonato´rum any hyperacute purulent conjunctivitis, such as gonorrheal conjunctivitis, occurring during the first 10 days of life, usually contracted during birth from infected vaginal discharge of the mother. The term formerly referred only to gonorrheal conjunctivitis, but now other types are recognized. It is prevented by instilling silver nitrate or other medication in the eyes of the newborn, although in an occasional infant silver nitrate may cause iatrogenic ophthalmia. Called also neonatal conjunctivitis.
phlyctenular ophthalmia phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis.
sympathetic ophthalmia granulomatous inflammation of the uveal tract of the uninjured eye following a wound involving the uveal tract of the other eye, resulting in bilateral granulomatous inflammation of the entire uveal tract. Called also sympathetic uveitis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

oph·thal·mi·a ne·o·na·to·rum

a conjunctival inflammation occurring within the first 10 days of life; causative agents include Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Chlamydia trachomatis.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ophthalmia neonatorum

Acute neonatal conjunctivitis, neonatal conjunctivitis Ophthalmology Inflammation of the neonatal conjunctiva, often infection by N gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis; ON causes blindness in up to 4000 newborns/yr in Africa Treatment Silver nitrate, erythromycin, other antibiotics; povidone-iodine may be more effective, less costly, toxic, and may reduce ocular HIV and herpes simplex
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

oph·thal·mi·a ne·o·na·to·rum

(of-thal'mē-ă nē-ō'nā-tō'rŭm)
A conjunctival inflammation occurring within the first 10 days of life; causes include Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Chlamydia trachomatis.
Synonym(s): infantile purulent conjunctivitis.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

ophthalmia neonatorum

Eye inflammation occurring in the newborn baby as a result of infection acquired during birth. The condition may be due to GONORRHOEA and this, unless treated, may lead to blindness. Routine prophylactic antibiotic eye drops are often used to prevent such an outcome.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
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