infantile hemangioma


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infantile hemangioma

A dull red benign lesion, usually present at birth or appearing within 2 to 3 months thereafter. This type of birthmark is usually found on the face or neck and is well demarcated from the surrounding skin. It grows rapidly and then regresses. It is caused by a proliferation of immature capillary vessels in active stroma. Synonym: strawberry hemangioma; strawberry mark; strawberry nevus (2)

Treatment

If removal is necessary, plastic surgical excision using the carbon dioxide, argon, or potassium titanium oxide phosphate laser is effective in ablating this lesion.

CAUTION!

The use of laser treatment necessitates observance of all laser safety precautions.
See also: hemangioma
References in periodicals archive ?
The AAP says it's important to identify and begin monitoring infantile hemangiomas right after they appear, when they tend to change most quickly.
Congenital hemangiomas are rare benign vascular tumors with clinical and histologic features that differ from infantile hemangiomas; they are present at birth, do not manifest the classic triphasic growth pattern associated with infantile hemangiomas and are GLUT1 negative.
Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are benign endothelial cell neoplasms and the most common tumours of infancy, occurring in 3-5% of infants (1).
Current knowledge of the pathogenesis of infantile hemangiomas. Arch Facial Plast Surg.
Infantile hemangiomas are seen more commonly in girls than boys with preponderance between 3 and 5:1.3,4 In the present study, we also found female preponderance with a female to male ratio 4:1.
Gawdat, "Oral propranolol: an effective, safe treatment for infantile hemangiomas," European Journal of Dermatology, vol.
Propranolol inhibits endothelial progenitor cell homing: a possible treatment mechanism of infantile hemangioma. Cardiovasc Pathol 2013; 22: 203-210, doi: 10.1016/j.carpath.2012.10.001.
Infantile hemangiomas: current knowledge, future directions.
The natural history of IH-MAG is regression as other forms of infantile hemangioma. We detected that the involution phase is slower than usual and begins by about 1 year of age.
CLASSIFICATION OF VASCULAR ANOMALIES Vascular tumors Vascular malformations Slow-flow Infantile hemangioma Capillary malformations Congenita] hemangioma Venous malformations Tufted angioma Lymphatic malformations Kaposiform Fast-flow hcrnangiocndoi helioma Arteriovenous malformations OLD VERSUS CURRENT NOMENCLATURE FOR DESCRIBING HEMANGIOMA TYPES: Old nomenclature New nomenclature Strawberry or capillary hemangioma Superficial hemangioma Cavernous hemangioma Deep hemangioma Capillary cavernous hemangioma Compound hemangioma PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
MINNEAPOLIS -- Gestational diabetes and prenatal progesterone use were among the maternal factors associated with increased risk of infantile hemangioma, a benign vascular neoplasm whose incidence has been steadily rising over the past several decades.
Conclusion: The frequency of acceptable outcome of combination of low dose oral Prednisolone with oral propranolol for the treatment of infantile hemangioma is higher.

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