In the early years of the twentieth-century, the death rate in Richmond from infantile diarrhea was one and one-half to two times as high for African Americans as for whites.
Successful at improving the quality of the city's milk supply with a rigid system of dairy and milk inspections, Levy's program further helped propel him into national prominence and earned him a seat on the prestigious National Commission on Milk Standards, but it did little to alter the numbers of Richmond babies dying from infantile diarrhea.  There was some improvement as Richmond's death rate from this cause fell from 142.0 per 100,000 in 1907 to 122.0 in 1908, but the rate rose again the following year and by 1911, it had climbed to 149.8 (Table 5).
 Late in 1911, Levy's own investigations determined that infantile diarrhea was transmitted through the improperly handled feces of infants.
A localized adherence-like pattern as a second pattern of adherence of classic enteropathogenic Escherichia coli to HEp-2 cells that is associated with infantile diarrhea
. Infect Immun.
Virulence determinants in nontoxinogenic Escherichia coli O157 strains that cause infantile diarrhea. Infect Immun 1993;61:4894-8.
Attaching and effacing enteropathogenic Escherichia coli as a cause of infantile diarrhea in Bangkok.
LA-positive EPEC has been shown to be associated with infantile diarrhea
in several paired case-control studies of children <1 year of age in Sao Paulo (5,12).
Typical EPEC, a leading cause of infantile diarrhea in developing countries, is rare in industrialized countries, where atypical EPEC seems to be a more important cause of diarrhea.
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a leading cause of infantile diarrhea in developing countries.