infanticide

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in·fan·ti·cide

(in-fan'ti-sīd),
1. The killing of an infant.
2. One who murders an infant.
[infant + L. caedo, to kill]
The active or semi-passive killing of a viable conceptus at greater than 20 weeks of gestation, which has breathed spontaneously

infanticide

Forensic medicine The active or semi-passive killing of a viable conceptus > 20 gestational wks, which breathes spontaneously. See Battered child syndrome, Child abuse. Cf Stillbirth.
Infanticide, diagnosis of  
'Hard' criteria
•  Comparison of gastric fluid composition with that of a toilet bowel-active drowning
•  Peural surfaces with petechiae Seen in induced suffocation, most significant when coupled with hematomas and petechiae on the mouth and epiglottis; the lingual frenulum may be torn and the lips bruised, indicating active attempts to suffocate infant.
•  Lungs Stillbirth lungs are not aerated and do not float
•  Edematous foam on nostrils An indicator of active breathing
•  Meconium Resuscitation of a true stillborn may push meconium into the perianal region, but extensive staining of the placenta and umbilical cord is due to antenatal stress
'Soft' criteria
•  Denial of pregnancy If the woman is obese or a dullard, she may not know she was pregnant
•  Rigor mortis A finding that is poorly appreciated in neonates
•  Impression of the body in soil, blood, or fomites, requiring diligent and timely scene investigation
•  Maceration of skin A finding typical of stillbirth
•  Putrefaction Stillborns do not putrefy as they have sterile bowels
•  Umbilical cord A cut cord indicates active intervention-time undetermined; an intact cord is consistent with stillbirth
•  Determination of age Viability, most fetuses born before 18 wks of gestation die despite resuscitative efforts, age is determined by skeletal dating, antenatal studies corroborating fetal death, eg Spaulding sign of in utero death characterized by overlapping cranial bones  

in·fan·ti·cide

(in-fan'ti-sīd)
1. The killing of an infant.
2. One who murders an infant.
[infant + L. caedo, to kill]

infanticide

Killing of an infant.
References in periodicals archive ?
While our British cousins embarked upon a course of special legislation in 1922 that evolved into a policy of partial decriminalization and medicalization of maternal infanticide, (3) the United States has no distinct law or even settled policies on infanticide.
The mad woman and the desperate girl are beguiling stereotypes that distort the social facts of infanticide and child homicide in the United States.
The various late-term abortion/infanticide legalization proposals and policies introduced this year--and the concomitant refusal to ban infanticide by Democrats in the senate--bring us to a crucial time of choosing.
When did we commit infanticide upon you when you were born disabled?"
(22) Several different motives for infanticide have been identified.
Subsequently, four were convicted of infanticide; the other four were convicted of manslaughter.
As the Whitley case demonstrates, infanticide is not merely a
Specifically, infanticide may be seen as a response to the societal construction of and constraints on mothering.
(29) Returning to an insanity defense test based on the American Law Institute (ALI) test developed in 196230 would create a more flexible means for assessing the culpability of postpartum psychotic infanticide offenders.
Many female mammals live with related groupmates, suggesting that the threat of within-group infanticide might be lower in these species.
Here, Prosperi dissects key phrases from Cremonini's 1709 testimony in an attempt to distinguish Lucia from 'the crowd of women convicted of infanticide' (p.