infanticide


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in·fan·ti·cide

(in-fan'ti-sīd),
1. The killing of an infant.
2. One who murders an infant.
[infant + L. caedo, to kill]
The active or semi-passive killing of a viable conceptus at greater than 20 weeks of gestation, which has breathed spontaneously

infanticide

Forensic medicine The active or semi-passive killing of a viable conceptus > 20 gestational wks, which breathes spontaneously. See Battered child syndrome, Child abuse. Cf Stillbirth.
Infanticide, diagnosis of  
'Hard' criteria
•  Comparison of gastric fluid composition with that of a toilet bowel-active drowning
•  Peural surfaces with petechiae Seen in induced suffocation, most significant when coupled with hematomas and petechiae on the mouth and epiglottis; the lingual frenulum may be torn and the lips bruised, indicating active attempts to suffocate infant.
•  Lungs Stillbirth lungs are not aerated and do not float
•  Edematous foam on nostrils An indicator of active breathing
•  Meconium Resuscitation of a true stillborn may push meconium into the perianal region, but extensive staining of the placenta and umbilical cord is due to antenatal stress
'Soft' criteria
•  Denial of pregnancy If the woman is obese or a dullard, she may not know she was pregnant
•  Rigor mortis A finding that is poorly appreciated in neonates
•  Impression of the body in soil, blood, or fomites, requiring diligent and timely scene investigation
•  Maceration of skin A finding typical of stillbirth
•  Putrefaction Stillborns do not putrefy as they have sterile bowels
•  Umbilical cord A cut cord indicates active intervention-time undetermined; an intact cord is consistent with stillbirth
•  Determination of age Viability, most fetuses born before 18 wks of gestation die despite resuscitative efforts, age is determined by skeletal dating, antenatal studies corroborating fetal death, eg Spaulding sign of in utero death characterized by overlapping cranial bones  

in·fan·ti·cide

(in-fan'ti-sīd)
1. The killing of an infant.
2. One who murders an infant.
[infant + L. caedo, to kill]

infanticide

Killing of an infant.
References in periodicals archive ?
He insisted that 'when they came to deal with illegitimate children, whose lives were in fact a burden and in the way, it became the more necessary to take care that no wrong was done.' (9) The surviving voices of those involved in suspected infanticide cases similarly alluded to the stigma attached to an illegitimate birth in Ireland during this period.
In a vast country where patriarchy runs deep, the government alone can do little to stem the rot of female infanticide from the society.
case, was that the new definition of infanticide removed the phrase "shall be deemed not to have committed murder or manslaughter".
She does not indicate whether sentencing practices changed between the early 1920s and 1960 or whether sentencing patterns changed after infanticide legislation was passed in 1949.
"The offence of infanticide is treated differently in law than murder because of the many overlapping social, cultural, psychological and medical factors which may affect the state of mind of accused women following childbirth," she adds.
musculinus both female territorial behavior and promiscuity are counter-strategies against infanticide by females and males respectively, our objective was to test the following predictions: (1) mother aggression deters infanticide by females; (2) previous matings prevent infanticide by males.
of infanticide. While some women claimed temporary insanity, and some
There is also a discussion of the other early modern stereotypes that were propagated about infanticide, with reference to Jewish ritualistic practices, witches, 'donne malefiche (evil women), and the impecunious midwife (p.
* Infanticide is the purposeful death of an unborn fetus/ infant under five for reasons including: gender, and physical/mental handicap.
The occurance of an intracranial needle is an unusual state that usually occurs in early childhood as a result of an injection stub in the fontanelle with the intent of infantice.4 Furthermore, in the case of possible infanticide, in addition to entry point being the fontanelle are the stur lines.
The main reason for female infanticide in India is the financial burden associated with raising a girl-child in the form of dowry
Indian women fighting against female infanticide Female infanticide is a widespread tradition in India : "We accept the first girl, the second should be killed, then the third will be a son.