infant of diabetic mother

infant of diabetic mother

Neonatology An infant born to a ♀ with a high serum glucose during pregnancy Features Larger than other infants with enlarged organs, pospartum hypoglycemia, given ↑ fetal production of insulin, ↑ risk of stillbirth. See Gestational diabetes.
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494 (48.43%) followed by neonatal sepsis which were 200 (19.61%), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) 74 (7.25%), neonatal jaundice 65 (6.37%), meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) 53 (5.20%), birth asphyxia (BAS) 51 (5%), transient tachypnea of newborn (TTN) 40 (3.92%), congenital malformations 27 (2.65%), infant of diabetic mother 9 (0.88%), neonatal seizures 6 (0.59%) and hemorrhagic disease of the newborn 1 (0.10%).
The most common reason for admission was preterm/low birth weight (PT/LBW) 48.43% followed by neonatal sepsis 19.61%, RDS 7.25%, neonatal jaundice 6.37%, meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) 5.20%, birth asphyxia (BAS) 5%, transient tachypnea of newborn (TTN) 3.92%, congenital malformations 2.65%, infant of diabetic mother 0.88%, neonatal seizures 0.59% and hemorrhagic disease of newborn 0.10%.
In our study, the records of 337 newborns who were being followed up with a diagnosis of infant of diabetic mother between January 2010 and January 2012 in our Neonatology Unit were examined retrospectively and the demographic data related with the diabetic mother and her baby, the problems of infant of diabetic mother in the postnatal period and the congenital heart diesases found on transthoracic echocardiogram were studied.
The reasons for low-risk CS were: previous CS (81); infant of diabetic mother (IDM) and previous CS (16); IDM alone (6); estimated big baby (10); and other (2).
Properties belonging to the infant of diabetic mother; gestational age, birth weight, height, head circumference, other problems belonging to the infant of diabetic mother, birth trauma, presence of cyanosis on physical examination, accompanying congenital anomalies were recorded in detail.
Furthermore, hypoglycemia, respiratory distress and neonatal jaundice are the usual threats faced by infant of diabetic mother.5
4 cases (66.67%) of poor outcome is due to asphyxia, 1 case (16.67%) is due to IDM (infant of diabetic mother) and in one case (16.67%) the poor outcome is attributed to IUGR (Intra uterine growth retardation).
Key words: Infant of diabetic mother, tissue Doppler echocardiography, cardiac functions
Infant of diabetic mother or those with birth weight of above 90th percentile for the period of gestation.
The symposium will cover the following topics: Diabetes prevalence in Qatar and the Gulf, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), diabetes in pregnancy, the vicious cycle, women mental health and diabetes, management of cardiovascular risk in Qatari diabetic women, fasting diabetes and women health, breastfeeding anddiabetes, and infant of diabetic mothers. The symposium will be opened by Hamaq with an introduction and opening remarks on the spread of diabetes in Qatar and the Gulf.
The infant of diabetic mothers. Am J Dis Child 1959; 97(1):1-41.
Infant of diabetic mothers. Pediatric Clinics of North America 2004; 51:619- 637.

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