infant mortality


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infant mortality

Epidemiology Death of a child < age 1 Etiology Congenital defects, short gestation, low birth weight, pneumonia, influenza, neonatal infections, complications of placenta, cord, membranes, intrauterine hypoxia, birth asphyxia, respiratory distress syndrome, accidents, SIDS. See Infant mortality rate. Cf Postneonatal mortality.

infant mortality

The number of deaths of children younger than 1 year of age per 1000 live births per year.
See also: mortality

infant mortality

The number of infants per 1000 live births who die before reaching the age of 1 year. Infant mortality is a sensitive index of the standards of public health in a society. The rate in Britain was about 150 in 1900. Today, in the best regions, it is as low as 8.
References in periodicals archive ?
An application of Bayesian spatial statistical methods to the study of racial and poverty segregation and infant mortality rates in the US.
As a sub-Saharan country, Ghana faces huge problem of reducing infant mortality rates as lack of sturdy improvement in child survival and development in Ghana was reported in the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) (8).
Publication: 'Weight gain between successive pregnancies and risks of stillbirth and infant mortality: a nation-wide cohort study', Cnattingius S, Villamor E., The Lancet, online 2 December 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/ S0140-6736(15)00990-3.
"It's the same set of reasons infant mortality is dropping in all industrialized countries, not something unique to the U.S.," Wolf said.
Overall, national infant mortality was 5.96 in 2013, a drop of 13% since 2005.
Every five years, the U.N.'s agency for Palestinian refugees conducts a survey of infant mortality across the region, and the 2013 results were released this week for the first time, which are reported here exclusively in the news media.
Researchers concluded that in Bangladesh, antenatal multiple micronutrient compared with iron-folic acid supplementation did not reduce all-cause infant mortality to age 6 months but resulted in a non-statistically significant reduction in stillbirths and significant reductions in preterm births and low birth weight.
In Iran the highest infant mortality occurs during the neonatal period.
Park (2007), noted that more than 40% of infant mortality occurs within the first month of life, and the largest statistics of global infant mortality come from developing countries.
Stationery Office, 1917.) Further evidence of Dr Brend's correct deduction came after North Sea gas was substituted for the more toxic "town gas" and the infant mortality rates fell rapidly: "At national level in England and Wales, infant mortality rates fell rapidly from the early 1970s and into the 1980s."
When Dr William Brend analysed the 1914 infant mortality rates for all parts of the British Isles, he saw that poverty couldn't be a causal factor but that air pollution must be.
The definition of the infant mortality rate is the number of deaths in the first year of life per 1,000 live births in a given year.

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