individual


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individual

(1) A person requiring health and social care services.
(2) A tangible human being (as opposed to a legal “person”) which includes patients, relatives and carers, their representatives and support groups.

Patient discussion about individual

Q. How do vaccines protect individuals from infectious diseases? Is it a 100% protection? And how come there are diseases without a vaccine?

A. Vaccine is a part of a pathogen (sometime the pathogen itself without the harmful part in it) that we inject to our self in order to get the body “ready” to meet the real disease. Unfortunately not all of the bacteria and viruses have vaccines. Some of them we can not mimic their proteins safely enough, or it won’t work any way. And sometimes it’s only partly effective, the body remembers it but not too well. So some of the vaccines offer only a partial protection.

Q. What kinds of jobs can individuals with autism do, so that they can enjoy life? My friend’s brother feels very bored at home and he often tells me that he is not finding any meaning for his life. What kinds of jobs can individuals with autism do, so that they can enjoy life?

A. Assure him that he is not the one who is alone with these types of negative feelings. In general, individuals with autism perform best at jobs which are structured and involve a degree of repetition. Some people who have autism are working as artists, piano tuners, painters, farm workers, office workers, computer operators, dishwashers, assembly line workers, or competent employees of sheltered workshops or other sheltered work settings.

Q. Regular participation in aerobic exercise lowers an individual's risk of developing cancer? I am a regular participant of aerobic, so the regular participation in aerobic exercise lowers an individual's risk of developing cancer?

A. You have some reason to be happy. Research suggests that exercise often modifies some of the risk factors associated with certain kinds of cancer. Obesity has been linked to cancer of the breast and the female reproductive system. Regular exercise has been shown to help promote weight loss. Several studies have also found that men who worked at sedentary jobs for most of their lives had a greater incidence of colon cancer than those in more active jobs. Exercise will not compensate the effects of a high-fat diet or smoking. Still it can contribute, even indirectly, to a reduced risk of cancer. As such, exercising regularly is recommended by the ACS [American Cancer Society] as an integral part of its cancer prevention program.

More discussions about individual
References in classic literature ?
On examining the first relation, it appears, on one hand, that the Constitution is to be founded on the assent and ratification of the people of America, given by deputies elected for the special purpose; but, on the other, that this assent and ratification is to be given by the people, not as individuals composing one entire nation, but as composing the distinct and independent States to which they respectively belong.
In the first place the historian describes the activity of individuals who in his opinion have directed humanity (one historian considers only monarchs, generals, and ministers as being such men, while another includes also orators, learned men, reformers, philosophers, and poets).
To embroil the confusion, and make it impossible to arrive at any general statement,--when we have insisted on the imperfection of individuals, our affections and our experience urge that every individual is entitled to honor, and a very generous treatment is sure to be repaid.
Therefore, the divine Providence which keeps the universe open in every direction to the soul, conceals all the furniture and all the persons that do not concern a particular soul, from the senses of that individual. Through solidest eternal things the man finds his road as if they did not subsist, and does not once suspect their being.
They melt so fast into each other that they are like grass and trees, and it needs an effort to treat them as individuals. Though the uninspired man certainly finds persons a conveniency in household matters, the divine man does not respect them; he sees them as a rack of clouds, or a fleet of ripples which the wind drives over the surface of the water.
We fancy men are individuals; so are pumpkins; but every pumpkin in the field goes through every point of pumpkin history.
When all or nearly all the individuals exposed to certain conditions are affected in the same way, the change at first appears to be directly due to such conditions; but in some cases it can be shown that quite opposite conditions produce similar changes of structure.
From the facts collected by Heusinger, it appears that white sheep and pigs are differently affected from coloured individuals by certain vegetable poisons.
When a deviation appears not unfrequently, and we see it in the father and child, we cannot tell whether it may not be due to the same original cause acting on both; but when amongst individuals, apparently exposed to the same conditions, any very rare deviation, due to some extraordinary combination of circumstances, appears in the parent--say, once amongst several million individuals--and it reappears in the child, the mere doctrine of chances almost compels us to attribute its reappearance to inheritance.
Civil and natural history, the history of art and of literature, must be explained from individual history, or must remain words.
And in these late and civil countries of England and America these propensities still fight out the old battle, in the nation and in the individual. The nomads of Africa were constrained to wander, by the attacks of the gad-fly, which drives the cattle mad, and so compels the tribe to emigrate in the rainy season and to drive off the cattle to the higher sandy regions.
Every thing the individual sees without him corresponds to his states of mind, and every thing is in turn intelligible to him, as his onward thinking leads him into the truth to which that fact or series belongs.

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