indirect transmission


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Related to indirect transmission: indirect transmission of infection, vector transmission

Indirect transmission

Epidemiology A nonperson-to-person transmission of an agent–eg, parasite from a reservoir to a susceptible host by suspended air particles or by animate–vector or inanimatex–vehicle intermediaries

indirect transmission

Transmission of an infection from one person to another through an intermediary agent, e.g., air or water, a contaminated surface, or a living disease vector.
See also: transmission
References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly, if we neglect the impact of indirect transmission via contaminated environments (v = 0), [R.sub.0] becomes 1.028.
Migrations of this magnitude could be responsible for moving CWD throughout Nebraska via direct or indirect transmission (Miller et al.
* Fomites (or vehicles) such as animal bedding that have become contaminated by blood, saliva, urine, feces, vomit, exudates, respiratory secretions, or milk may be a source of indirect transmission of infectious agents.
Lack of further reassortment implies a change from wild bird--mediated dispersal to intermittent spillover between wild birds and poultry or indirect transmission among poultry farms via fomites, wind, or other undetermined vectors.
Finally, our study suggests that employees without close contact with elephant L were infected through indirect transmission of M.
Indirect transmission and environmental persistence of infectious prions will complicate efforts to control CWD and perhaps other animal prion diseases.
Regarding indirect transmission, sleeping on the same mat (PPR = 2.78, 95% CI 1.15 to 6.70), participating in the ritual handwashing during the funeral ceremony (PPR = 2.25, 95% CI 1.08 to 4.72), and sharing a communal meal during the funeral ceremony (PPR = 2.84, 95% CI 1.35 to 5.98) were significantly associated with disease.
The bank vole social component, in combination with an indirect transmission route, can explain the rapid spread of infection through a population of increased density.