Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Transmission of a communicable disease by any medium between the host and the susceptible person. The medium may be contaminated food or water; medical supplies; the hands of a health care worker; clothing; or an arthropod vector. See: fomes
See also: contact
1. a mutual touching of two bodies or animals.
2. an animal known to have been sufficiently near an infected animal to have been exposed to the transfer of infectious material.
the initiation of the intrinsic pathway of coagulation that occurs when whole blood contacts glass or similar surfaces; involves the conversion of factor XII into its active form, factor XIIa. This subsequently converts factor XI to XIa and so the coagulation cascade begins.
see contact dermatitis (below).
bone contact repair
repair of a fracture by contact apposition of the two fracture surfaces.
is caused by direct contact between the skin and a substance which is irritating or to which the animal is allergic or sensitive. The reaction usually occurs only on that area of the body that has come into contact with the substance. See also allergic contact dermatitis.
direct contact, immediate contact
the contact, by sharing the same accommodation or pasture or group, of a healthy animal with an animal having a communicable disease, the disease being transmitted as a result. See also contact transmission.
a form of primary bone healing at a fracture site where there is cortical bone in contact.
see allergic contact dermatitis.
that achieved through some intervening medium, as propagation of a communicable disease through the air or by means of fomites or another animal, e.g. an infection may be passed to animal A from animal B via animal C; animal C is an indirect contact.
contact irritant dermatitis
skin disease produced by contact with an irritating substance; in contrast with allergic contact dermatitis, an immune reaction is not involved.
done through an intermediate animal or function.
advertising about the veterinary profession which indirectly benefits individual veterinarians.
comparisons made between individuals or groups in different locations.
see indirect contact.
indirect fluorescent antibody
see fluorescence microscopy.
see inverted repeat.
improving one character while selecting on another.
indirect social distance
social distance is distance between contacts in an infectious disease; indirect social distance is distance between indirect contacts.
indirect transmission of infection
transmission of infection via another medium, e.g. housing or bedding, without the animals ever being close to each other.