indirect Coombs test
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in·di·rect Coombs test(kūmz), Avoid the incorrect forms Coomb and Coomb's.
a test routinely performed in cross-matching blood or in the investigation of transfusion reaction: test for patient's serum is incubated with a suspension of donor erythrocytes; if specific antibodies are present, they become attached to the antigen in the donor cells; after a washing with saline, Coombs antihuman globulin is added; agglutination at this point indicates that antibodies present in the original test serum had indeed become attached to donor erythrocytes.
Coombs in·di·rect test(kūmz in'dĭr-ekt' test)
Coombs,Robin R.A., English veterinarian and immunologist, 1921–.
Coombs serum - serum from a rabbit or other animal previously immunized with purified human globulin to prepare antibodies directed against IgG and complement. Synonym(s): antihuman globulin
Coombs test - a test for antibodies, the so-called antihuman globulin test, using either the direct or indirect Coombs tests. Synonym(s): antiglobulin test
direct Coombs test - a test for detecting sensitized erythrocytes in erythroblastosis fetalis and in cases of acquired immune hemolytic anemia.
Gell and Coombs reaction - see under Gell
indirect Coombs test - a test routinely performed in cross-matching blood or in the investigation of transfusion reaction.