incubation period

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Related to incubation periods: extrinsic incubation period

incubation

 [in″ku-ba´shun]
1. the provision of proper conditions for growth and development, as for bacterial or tissue cultures.
2. the development of an infectious disease from time of the entrance of the pathogen to the appearance of clinical symptoms.
3. the development of the embryo in the egg of oviparous animals.
4. the maintenance of an artificial environment for a newborn, especially a premature infant.
incubation period the interval of time required for development; especially the time between invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism and appearance of the first symptoms of disease. Incubation periods vary from a few days to several months, depending on the causative organism and type of disease.

period

 [pēr´e-od]
an interval or division of time; the time for the regular recurrence of a phenomenon.
absolute refractory period the part of the refractory period from phase 0 to approximately −60 mV during phase 3; during this time it is impossible for the myocardium to respond with a propagated action potential, even with a strong stimulus. Called also effective refractory period.
blanking period a period of time during and after a pacemaker stimulus when the unstimulated chamber is insensitive to avoid sensing the electronic event in the stimulated chamber.
effective refractory period absolute refractory period.
ejection period the second phase of ventricular systole (0.21 to 0.30 sec), between the opening and closing of the semilunar valves, while the blood is discharged into the aorta and pulmonary artery. Called also sphygmic period.
gestation period see gestation period.
incubation period see incubation period.
isoelectric period the moment in muscular contraction when no deflection of the galvanometer is produced.
latency period
latent period a seemingly inactive period, as that between exposure to an infection and the onset of illness (incubation period) or that between the instant of stimulation and the beginning of response (latency, def. 2).
refractory period the period of depolarization and repolarization of the cell membrane after excitation; during the first portion (absolute refractory period), the nerve or muscle fiber cannot respond to a second stimulus, whereas during the relative refractory period it can respond only to a strong stimulus.
relative refractory period the part of the refractory period from approximately −60 mV during phase 3 to the end of phase 3; during this time a depressed response to a strong stimulus is possible.
safe period the period during the menstrual cycle when conception is considered least likely to occur; it comprises approximately the ten days after menstruation begins and the ten days preceding menstruation. See the section on fertility awareness methods, under contraception.
sphygmic period ejection period.
supernormal period in electrocardiography, a period at the end of phase 3 of the action potential during which activation can be initiated with a milder stimulus than is required at maximal repolarization, because at this time the cell is excitable and closer to threshold than at maximal diastolic potential.
vulnerable period that time at the peak of the T wave during which serious arrhythmias are likely to result if a stimulus occurs.
Wenckebach's period a usually repetitive sequence seen in partial heart block, marked by progressive lengthening of the P–R interval; see also dropped beat.

in·cu·ba·tion pe·ri·od

1. time interval between invasion of the body by an infecting organism and the appearance of the first sign or symptom it causes; Synonym(s): incubative stage, latent period (2) , latent stage, stage of invasion
2. in a disease vector, the period between entry of the disease organism and the time at which the vector is capable of transmitting the disease to another human host.

incubation period

The time elapsed between infection and appearance of disease Sx. Cf Latent period Epidemiology A period of subclinical or inapparent pathologic changes after exposure, ending with the onset of Sx of an infection.

in·cu·ba·tion pe·ri·od

(in'kyū-bā'shŭn pēr'ē-ŏd)
1. The interval between invasion of the body by an infecting organism and the appearance of the first sign or symptom it causes.
Synonym(s): incubative stage, latent period (3) , latent stage, prodromal stage.
2. In a disease vector, the period between entry of the disease organism and the time at which the vector is capable of transmitting the disease to another human host.

incubation period

The interval between the time of infection and the first appearance of symptoms of the resulting disease. Incubation periods vary widely, from as little as a few hours in the case of CHOLERA to many weeks in some cases of RABIES.

Incubation period

The interval from initial exposure to an infectious agent, such as a virus, and the first symptoms of illness.

in·cu·ba·tion pe·ri·od

(in'kyū-bā'shŭn pēr'ē-ŏd)
1. The interval between invasion of the body by an infecting organism and the appearance of the first sign or symptom it causes.
Synonym(s): latent period (3) , latent stage, prodromal stage.
2. In a disease vector, the period between entry of the disease organism and the time at which the vector is capable of transmitting the disease to another human host.
References in periodicals archive ?
The levels of significance for the chemical composition of pig slurry fed different fibre sources at varying inclusion levels and incubation periods are portrayed in Table 3.
The basil and melaleuca oil, with PGI of 64 and 59%, respectively, showed CL50 below 0.1% after 6h of incubation, while oregano and white thyme were again the least efficient in all periods, and peppermint for the two largest incubation periods (Table 1).
ALP is a heat labile enzyme and specific ALP isoenzymes have different sensitivity to heat inactivation, so ALP activity measurement at different incubation period will affect the actual measurement as and creates lab to lab variability and significant change if particular isoenzyme is predominant in patient sera.
This rapid expansion highlighted key knowledge gaps, including incubation period. Characterizing the incubation period for Zika virus is needed for defining periods of risk and identifying local virus transmission.
Geographic variation in avian incubation periods and parental influences on embryonic temperature.
These two diseases also would experience the greatest increase in timeliness of reporting within two incubation periods, in part because they have the shortest incubation periods of the four diseases tested in this analysis (1 and 3 days, respectively).
Often, whether 2 persons were coinfected by the same person and have different incubation periods or whether the persons were sequentially infected is difficult to determine.
PI= 1000 ug g-1 soil: At initial phosphorus level of 1000 ug g-1 soil, soil-B desorbed 82.87, 26.50, 16.62, 5.08 and 0.25 ug g-1 soil more phosphate than the soil-A at all incubation periods (Fig-3).
Prof Collinge's team discovered the location of three new genes in mice that help determine the incubation periods of prion diseases such as scrapie, BSE, and vCJD.
Another potential explanation for our findings is that patients with longer incubation periods were identified and infection confirmed more quickly.
Diseases which jump from one species to another often have extended incubation periods. If variant CJD has an incubation period of more than about 20 years then the cases seen so far could be just the tip of an iceberg.
Data for patients with incubation periods >50 days were excluded from the analysis because only 7 such cases were found in well-defined studies.