However, on the basis of the condition, each counselor's intended message was expressed differently in dichotomies of six specific communication behaviors that represented congruent and incongruent communication styles as described earlier.
Contrary to our hypothesis, the comparison of the communication styles indicated that Asian Americans viewed the culturally incongruent communication (direct) style as more satisfying and more credible than the congruent (indirect) style.
In this article, we shall illustrate, by brief excerpts from contemporary romantic fiction, the four incongruent communication patterns, blamer, placater, irrelevant, and super-reasonable.
In the following we shall limit ourselves to Satir's four incongruent communication patterns (or what she called "brave attempts to survive when you do not believe you can"; Satir, Stachowiak, & Taschman, 1975, p.
Incongruent communication patterns often develop into a dialogue, for one pathogenic message invokes another.
While we may conceivably regard the masking of emotions as a useful device in formal interactions, resorting to incongruent communication within intimate primary groups, such as the family, has a destructive potential.