incongruence


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

incongruence

unequal loading across articular cartilage and/or epiphyseal plate (e.g. subluxation, predisposing bone remodelling and osteoarthrosis (see Table 1)
Table 1: Bone modelling
Type of modellingComment
Chondral modelling during bone growthRate of ossification of cartilaginous precursor of bone/articular cartilage/epiphyseal plates depends on imposed load during development
Joint incongruence within normal range: load inequality across articular cartilage causes remodelling and restoration of maximal congruence, via negative-feedback loop
Joint incongruence beyond normal range: load inequality across articular cartilage causes remodelling adapting to abnormal load, and loss of maximal congruence, via positive-feedback loop
Metaphyses and epiphysesWhere abduction and adduction forces about a joint (e.g. knee) are equal, resultant transverse force across the joint is of zero magnitude
Where adductor force > abductor force:
• Soft-tissue anomaly causes soft-tissue positional genu valgum and increases force on lateral articular surface/epiphyseal areas
• Rate of bone growth at lateral areas increases; that of medial areas remains normal
• Joint congruence is restored, and the horizontal force is restored to zero magnitude, but soft-tissue genu valgum deformity persists as bone deformity
Articular surfacesMinor incongruence between articular surfaces within a synovial joint causes large changes in forces acting at different parts of articular surface, e.g.
• Absent subtalar joint inversion/eversion causes trochlear talus to undergo reactive twist within ankle mortise, and compression at articular areas remaining in contact
• Excess loading at these sites reduces local bone growth; unloaded areas continue to grow at normal rate
• Shape of articular surface gradually changes, adapting to abnormal loading pattern, and maximum congruence is achieved, but trochlea becomes rounded (rather than pulley-shaped) and ankle joint forms ball-and-socket, rather than hinge, joint
References in periodicals archive ?
Proactive personality incongruence may lead to lower quality relationship exchanges (Zhang et al.
An analyst might choose to describe his or her reactions toward patients in countertransferential terms, and a counselor might discuss his or her reactions in terms of congruence and incongruence, but both are essentially discussing the same thing: how they monitor and use their own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors therapeutically with the individuals with whom they form relationships.
Participants in the study indicated that they had three major forms of negative experiences in their work experience--status/role incongruence, ghettoization and disempowerment (primarily through lack of involvement in case matching) and silent discourse.
Shifting to examine the nature of evil on the cosmic and human levels, evil is understood as basic incongruence on all levels, but specifically active incongruence on the human level.
Children met the following criteria for inclusion: (a) were age 4 to 8 years; (b) attended play therapy on a weekly basis; (c) completed at least six play therapy sessions with the same therapist; and (d) demonstrated incongruence, anxiety, or vulnerability at initiation of therapy.
Religious individuals may be particularly susceptible to the cognitive dissonance evoked by sexual incongruence because many conservative religious groups teach that the only acceptable sexual expression occurs within the context of a heterosexual marriage, with the most conservative groups even proscribing sexual expression without a partner (e.
G]iven the existence of identity incongruence, conflict between these internal identities is undeniable" (p.
Consistent with hypotheses of the effects of gender role incongruence, women whose victims are their own children or other family members (not including spouse victims) have the greatest odds of being found NGRI of any group.
The transgender experience is typified by feelings of incongruence, and sometimes unease, with the gender assigned at birth.
If they continue to have distress even after being affirmed for their way of expressing gender, it may be indicative they are experiencing some incongruence surrounding their gender assigned at birth and their "true," or internal, gender.
It is true that Lowin's work is not as decisive as might be thought, but it nonetheless retains a degree of incongruence in its invective "against every dancer and danceresse, which in their dances have no remembrance of God, are greatly culpable before the eyes of God himselfe, although they seeme to be without fault in the sight of men.