incentive spirometry


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spirometry

 [spi-rom´ĕ-tre]
measurement of the breathing capacity by means of a spirometer; results can record total lung capacity, vital capacity, tidal volume, functional residual capacity, and residual volume.
incentive spirometry a goal-oriented inhalation maneuver in which the patient is encouraged by visual feedback from a spirometer to execute sustained maximal inhalation. Patients usually perform 10 to 20 sustained deep breath exercises an hour until they can achieve their predicted inspiratory reserve volume. See illustration.
Spirometry, showing respiratory volumes and capacities as subdivisions of total lung capacity. From Applegate, 2000.

incentive spirometry

[insen′tiv]
a method of encouraging voluntary deep breathing by providing visual feedback about inspiratory volume. Using a specially designed spirometer, the patient inhales until a preset volume is reached, then sustains the inspiratory volume by holding his or her breath for 3 to 5 seconds. Incentive spirometry reduces the risk of atelectasis and pulmonary consolidation.
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Incentive spirometry

incentive spirometry

Pulmonology A form of spirometry which may prevent the complications–eg, atelectasis and infiltrates–of acute chest syndrome in sickle cell anemia. See Acute chest syndrome.
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INCENTIVE SPIROMETER

incentive spirometry

Spirometry in which visual and vocal stimuli are given to the patient to produce maximum effort during deep breathing. Incentive spirometry is used most often in postoperative patients to prevent atelectasis.
See: illustration
See also: spirometry
References in periodicals archive ?
Search terms included incentive spirometry, pneumonia AND treatment, and dyspnea.
Incentive spirometry for preventing pulmonary complications after coronary artery bypass graft.
So we found that pre-operative incentive spirometry results in considerable reduction in incidence of post-operative atelectasis and it also can reduce ventilation time as well.
Techniques such as deep inspiration (DI), incentive spirometry (IS) and positive airway pressure exercises result in the generation of a persistent increase in the transpulmonary pressure, with consequent expansion of collapsed alveolar units to prevent and/or to treat the post-operative complications8.
Agostini P Naidu B, Cieslik H, Steyn R, Rajesh PB, Bishay E, Kalkat MS, Singh S (2013) Effectiveness of incentive spirometry in patients following thoracotomy and lung resection including those at high risk for developing pulmonary complications.
Another study [37] compared the effects of incentive spirometry flow (RESPIRON[R]) and volume (Voldyne[R]) on lung volumes, thoracoabdominal mobility and inspiratory muscle activity in the elderly people and in healthy adults, evaluated by plethysmography and electromyography, concluding that both the spirometers have similar effects in lung volumes and thoracoabdominal mobility, however, the spirometer flow requires greater respiratory muscle activity.
Good intraoperative and postoperative pain relief, oxygen therapy, incentive spirometry sand regular ABG monitoring played an important role in successful management of the case.
The 2-week inpatient rehabilitation program emphasized patient and caregiver training on transfers, bowel and bladder care, incentive spirometry, nutrition, and skin care.
Incentive spirometry promotes deep inspirations to prevent respiratory atelectasis.
In addition to encouraging the use of incentive spirometry, medical-surgical nurses can teach breathing exercises for individuals to use anywhere and without any equipment.
C-8789 set of incentive spirometry, including tip, corrugated tube, scale for measurement of volume inspired with minimum capacity 2,500 cc, descartable.
Incentive spirometry has been used to help prevent pulmonary complications after surgery, although its therapeutic efficacy remains in dispute (Freitas, Soares, Cardoso, & Atallah, 2008; Haeffener, Ferreira, Barreto, Arena, & Dall'Ago, 2008).