incentive spirometry


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spirometry

 [spi-rom´ĕ-tre]
measurement of the breathing capacity by means of a spirometer; results can record total lung capacity, vital capacity, tidal volume, functional residual capacity, and residual volume.
incentive spirometry a goal-oriented inhalation maneuver in which the patient is encouraged by visual feedback from a spirometer to execute sustained maximal inhalation. Patients usually perform 10 to 20 sustained deep breath exercises an hour until they can achieve their predicted inspiratory reserve volume. See illustration.
Spirometry, showing respiratory volumes and capacities as subdivisions of total lung capacity. From Applegate, 2000.

incentive spirometry

Pulmonology A form of spirometry which may prevent the complications–eg, atelectasis and infiltrates–of acute chest syndrome in sickle cell anemia. See Acute chest syndrome.
Enlarge picture
INCENTIVE SPIROMETER

incentive spirometry

Spirometry in which visual and vocal stimuli are given to the patient to produce maximum effort during deep breathing. Incentive spirometry is used most often in postoperative patients to prevent atelectasis.
See: illustration
See also: spirometry
References in periodicals archive ?
Search terms included incentive spirometry, pneumonia AND treatment, and dyspnea.
So we found that pre-operative incentive spirometry results in considerable reduction in incidence of post-operative atelectasis and it also can reduce ventilation time as well.
Keywords: Incentive spirometry; surgery; postoperative care; postoperative complication; physical therapy.
do Nascimento Junior P, Modolo NS, Andrade S, Guimaraes MM, Braz LG, El Dib R (2014) Incentive spirometry for prevention of postoperative pulmonary complications in upper abdominal surgery.
Good intraoperative and postoperative pain relief, oxygen therapy, incentive spirometry sand regular ABG monitoring played an important role in successful management of the case.
The 2-week inpatient rehabilitation program emphasized patient and caregiver training on transfers, bowel and bladder care, incentive spirometry, nutrition, and skin care.
Nursing interventions to prevent acute chest syndrome include providing adequate pain control, promoting patient mobility, and encouraging incentive spirometry. Adequate pain control, perhaps the best method for preventing lung atelectasis, promotes mobility of the patient and normal respiratory effort.
The incentive spirometry consists of using equipment designed to stimulate patients to perform deep and slow breaths through visual stimuli, followed by sustained respiration, aiming at lung and chest expansion.
In addition to encouraging the use of incentive spirometry, medical-surgical nurses can teach breathing exercises for individuals to use anywhere and without any equipment.
Incentive spirometry has been used to help prevent pulmonary complications after surgery, although its therapeutic efficacy remains in dispute (Freitas, Soares, Cardoso, & Atallah, 2008; Haeffener, Ferreira, Barreto, Arena, & Dall'Ago, 2008).