Over the years, clinicians have been attracted to a long succession of enticing methods, including Rogers' (1951) nondirective reflection, Wolpe's (1958) systematic desensitization, Frankl's (1963) paradoxical intention, Stampfl's (1970) implosive therapy, Janov's (1970) primal scream, Peris' (1973) empty chair technique, Selvini Palazzoli's (1986) invariant prescription, de Shazer's (1988) miracle question, Shapiro's (1995) eye-movement desensitization (EMDR), and--our l atest obsessions--anything with attachment (e.g., Johnson & Whiffen, 2003) or mindfulness (e.g., Germer, Siegel, & Fulton, 2005) in the title.
Implosive therapy: An emphasis on covert stimulation.
The orientations covered include operant procedures, token economies, Pavlovian conditioning, stimulus and response control and desensitization, and implosive therapy
. There is also material on implications of social learning theory for the practice of psychotherapy.
in the treatment of combat related fears in a World War II veteran.
In the late 1960s, Joseph Wolpe introduced several imagery-related techniques in behavior-modification therapy: systematic desensitization, aversive-imagery methods, symbolic-modeling techniques and implosive therapy
. Since that time there have been many advocates of guided imagery including the Simontons, Achterberg, Klapish, Lawlis, Oyle, Bresler, and Rossman (Schoettle, 1980).
Karoly and Kanfer (1982) introduced the technique of implosive therapy
to describe the extinguishing of maladaptive behaviors.
has also been utilized to treat this disorder.