impaired gas exchange


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exchange

 [eks-chānj´]
1. the substitution of one thing for another.
2. to substitute one thing for another.
gas exchange the passage of oxygen and carbon dioxide in opposite directions across the alveolocapillary membrane.
health care information exchange in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as providing patient care information to health professionals in other agencies.
impaired gas exchange a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as excess or deficit in oxygenation and/or carbon dioxide elimination at the alveolocapillary membrane (see gas exchange). Etiological and contributing factors include an altered oxygen supply, changes in the alveolar-capillary membrane, altered blood flow, and altered oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Defining characteristics include changes in mental status such as confusion, somnolence, restlessness, and irritability; ineffective coughing and inability to move secretions from the air passages; hypercapnia; and hypoxia. For specific medical treatments and nursing interventions, see airway clearance, ineffective; breathing patterns, ineffective; chronic airflow limitation; and anemia.
plasma exchange see plasma exchange.

im·pair·ed gas ex·change

(im-pārd gas eks-chānj)
A nursing diagnosis for a patient suffering current or future problems with oxygen/carbon dioxide balance.
References in periodicals archive ?
TLD is defined as the presence of respiratory symptoms and/or diffuse infiltrates on chest radiographs, abnormal pulmonary function tests with evidence of restrictive ventilatory defect and/or impaired gas exchange and persistence of any of these findings for greater than 3 months'2.
Respiratory function is affected when the heavy chest wall compresses the lungs, resulting in impaired gas exchange, This increases the risk of restrictive lung disease and obstructive sleep apnea.
Pulmonary manifestations of uncomplicated falciparum and vivax malaria: cough, small airway obstruction, impaired gas exchange and increased phagocytic activity.