Plant products have been reported to promote various activities like anti-stress, growth promotion, appetite stimulation and immunostimulation
in aquaculture practices (Citarasu et al.
2 In vitro models cannot detect autoimmunity and immunostimulation
In-Vitro Toxicology/ Toxicity Testing Market by Industry (Diagnostic, Pharmaceutical, Cosmetics, Chemical), Technology (Cell Culture, HTS, Omics), Applications (Systemic, Dermal, Ocular), Method - Global Forecast to 2018
It has the dual ability of immunosuppression or immunostimulation
via the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by the inhibition of T-helper 1 (Th1) lymphocytes and stimulation of B lymphocytes and Th2 lymphocytes, and thus downregulates the inflammatory response (6).
Piva's team has proposed an IBR rating comprising five criteria: Immunostimulation
, immunosuppression, phototoxicity, protection against UV damage and protection against UV immunosuppression.
Parnham, "Benefit-Risk Assessment of the Squeezed Sap of the Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) for Long-Term Oral Immunostimulation
," Phtomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 3, 95-102 (1996).
Therefore, we suggest that the ability of [beta]-glucans to stimulate markedly the natural tendency of oyster hemocytes to form spontaneous aggregates reflects cell activation and presumably immunostimulation
with correction of cellular and humoral immunity,
This article describes the idea behind chemo-immunotherapy and highlights three clinical trials dealing with antibody approaches based on antibody dependent cellular toxicity, direct cytotoxicity or immunostimulation
It is possible that the vaccine might have led to immunostimulation
, which actually increased the number of potential HIV targets in the immunologically active foreskin.
Although the study did not allow to identify which specific factors related to asthma and eczema were responsible for reducing the risk of cancer, it offers new angles for research into the molecular and immunological mechanisms that are involved in immunostimulation
, a potentially promising strategy for cancer prevention.
Enhancement of microbicidal activity in the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon via immunostimulation
8], the presence of immunoglobulins reflects a state of chronic immunostimulation
due to antigenic substances present in the connective tissue.