immunocompromised host


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immunocompromised host

an individual whose immune response is weakened as a result of an immunodeficiency disorder or exposure to immunosuppressive drugs or irradiation.

im·mu·no·com·pro·mised host

(im'yū-nō-kom'prŏ-mīzd hōst)
A person whose immune system's defenses have been weakened by exposure to disease, drugs, or radiotherapy.

host

(host) [L. hospes, stranger, guest, host]
1. The organism from which a parasite obtains its nourishment.
2. In embryology, the larger and more relatively normal of conjoined twins.
3. In transplantation of tissue, the one who receives the graft.

accidental host

A host other than the usual or normal one.

alternate host

Intermediate host (1).

compromised host

A person who lacks resistance to infection due to to a deficiency in any of the host defenses.
See: AIDS; host defense mechanisms; immunocompromised

dead-end host

An infected organism that does not have the ability to transmit infection to the definitive host.
Synonym: incidental host

definitive host

1. The final host or the host in which the parasite reaches sexual maturity. Synonym: final host
2. The vertebrate, when the intermediate host is an invertebrate.

final host

Definitive host (1).

immunocompromised host

See: immunocompromised

incidental host

Dead-end host.

intermediate host

1. The host in which a parasite passes through its larval or asexual stages of development. Synonym: alternate host
2. The invertebrate host, when the final host is a vertebrate.

paratenic host

A parasitized organism in which the parasite thrives but does not undergo development.

host of predilection

The host preferred by a parasite.

reservoir host

A host other than the usual or normal one, in which a parasite is capable of living. The reservoir host is a source of infestation.

transfer host

An interim host that is not essential for the completion of the life cycle of the parasite.
References in periodicals archive ?
In immunocompromised hosts, severe soft-tissue infections often resist antibiotic and surgical therapies (3-5).
Our report of five cases with fulminant ARDS in whom RSV was the only initially isolated causative agent in the lower respiratory tract, emphasises that RSV infection may be an underestimated cause of virus-related ARDS in the immunocompromised host admitted to the ICU.
Even though everyone breathes in microbes regularly - typically without many problems - in the immunocompromised host, these microbes can be extra problematic, often times preventing the full cancer treatment from being received.
There are 2 further rare and latent CNS complications resulting from a preceding measles infection: subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) caused by years of viral persistence in a seemingly immunocompetent host, (3) and subacute measles encephalitis (SME), occurring in an immunocompromised host.
Diagnostic microbiology of the immunocompromised host.
coli and less commonly Listeria monocytogenes (Gram-positive bacilli), which may also be a causative agent in the immunocompromised host.
6) We should now recognize that almost any fungus can cause disease in a sufficiently immunocompromised host, making it unwise to dismiss the isolation of an unusual fungus as a contaminant.
We thought it was time to formulate up-to-date guidelines that will help clinicians choose the best treatment for their leukemic patients and thereby reduce morbidity and mortality," said Professor Catherine Cordonnier, Hopital Henri Mondor, Creteil, France, who reiterated the goals of the conference at the 14th Symposium on Infections in the Immunocompromised Host (ICHS).
The exceptions are MRSA furunculosis accompanied by fever, expanding cellulitis, other complications, or an immunocompromised host.
This study shows that E bieneusi can disseminate in the immunocompromised host and should be considered in cases of proliferative serositis and pleuritis of unknown cause.