immunocompetence


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immunocompetence

 [im″u-no-kom´pĕ-tens]
the capacity to develop an immune response following exposure to antigen. Called also immunoresponsiveness. adj., adj immunocom´petent.

im·mu·no·com·pe·tence

(im'yū-nō-kom'pĕ-tens),
The ability to produce a normal immune response.

im·mu·no·com·pe·tence

(im'yū-nō-kom'pĕ-tĕns)
The ability to produce a normal immune response.

Immunocompetence

An individual's ability to fight off infection.
References in periodicals archive ?
Correlation between mastitis by nonconventional pathogens and rainy seasons has been previously detected in rural areas similar to Yaracal [5, 6, 52], highlighting important considerations that should be taken about immunocompetence when stressing conditions are persistently present, converting animals more susceptible to opportunistic microbes [1, 5, 6, 48], a circumstance that could be exacerbated when germ virulence factors are confronted, even they can exert immunomodulant regulations like the reported to short chain fatty acids produced by P.
In conclusion, our data demonstrate that Ad.CCR7 + BTLA-infected imDCs exhibit a modest capacity for migra tion and allogeneic T cell stimulation, indicating that these cells serve as an intermediary to maintain immunocompetence, while also retaining the immune tolerance necessary for graft survival.
For knowledgeable screening, nurses must be familiar with a patient's sepsis risk factors and predisposition for infection (e.g., chronic disease, impaired immunocompetence), as well as factors likely to contribute to organ dysfunction (e.g., causative organism, genetic composition, preexisting organ dysfunction, timely therapeutic intervention, extremes of age [infants and elderly]) (Angus & van der Poll, 2013).
Immunocompetence is more complex than absence of HIV infection and involves a normal capacity to develop an immune response following the exposure to an antigen or broadly a normal immune response, but usually immunocompetent is define as the opposite of immunodeficiency.
In the final escape phase, cancer cells acquire sufficient and specific genetic and/or epigenetic alterations that overcome the host immunocompetence through two major mechanisms: i) tumor cell-autonomous alterations that evade immune detection, and ii) tumor cell-induced modification in immune cells to generate an immunosuppressive microenvironment (4,5).
In layer chicken also reported that polymorohism at exon 1 of Pit-1 are associated with immunocompetence traits [11].
These results indicate that, in vitro, pentavalent vanadium (V(V)) can interfere with immunoregulatory mediators critical for maintaining host immunocompetence [27].
Although the health attributes associated with spice use may arise from their antioxidant properties, their biological effects may arise from their ability to induce changes in a number of cellular processes, including those involved with drug metabolism, cell division, apoptosis, differentiation and immunocompetence.
The effect of dietary vitamin A and astaxanthin on the immunocompetence of rainbow trout.
Citation: Patricia Graef et al.; "Serial Transfer of Single-Cell-Derived Immunocompetence Reveals Sternness of CD8 Central Memory T Cells"; Immunity, 2014; 41 (1): 116DOI: 10.1016/j.immuni.2014.05.018