*Cases with complete KS, *Men without situs inversus, but recurrent sinobronchial infections since early childhood and with living, but immotile
spermatozoa, *Women or children without situs inversus, but having typical clinical signs and having a sibling with KS, and *Individuals without situs inversus, but with typical clinical features and characteristic ultrastructural defects in cilia.
The condition should be kept in mind in a patient presenting with; recurrent sinusitis and bronchiectasis, asthma like symptoms and signs responding poorly to conventional treatment, recurrent lower respiratory tract infections causing fever, sweating and weight loss, tempting the physician to give a trial of antituberculous drugs.2,9 Ectopic pregnancy and subfertility in women, male infertility (immotile
sperm, but 50% of PCD males are fertile).11
Classes of sperm Fertile men motility (%) Class A 64.73 [+ or -] 4.12 Class B 51.43 [+ or -] 3.91 Class C 8.67 [+ or -] 1.28 Class A + B 81.32 [+ or -] 4.35 Immotile
12.74 [+ or -] 1.21 Classes of sperm At baseline motility (%) Placebo N.
There was significant increase (12.9%) in progressive motility and decrease in non-progressive motility and immotile
sperm after treatment in treated group when compared to control group.
In the era of assisted reproduction technologies, it is now possible to bypass several steps of normal human fertilization using immotile
, non-viable, or immature sperm.
sperm count was significantly higher in the varicocele group.
Motility was defined according to World Health Organization as: type 1 (fast and straight forward motile sperm); type 2 (fast sluggish moving); type 3 (locally shaking sperm); and type 4 (immotile
Sturgeon spermatozoa, like those of teleostean fish, are immotile
in the seminal plasma or the sperm duct (13), (14).
In the cancer setting, the EMT had been invoked as a mechanism by which immotile
cancer cells might acquire a more invasive and motile phenotype that could enhance a cancer's invasive and metastatic potential.
Because embryo sacs are embedded quite deep inside the female reproductive structures, direct fertilization of the egg cell by the immotile
sperm cells is prevented.
(1983) Loss of activity of motile components in rat spermatids during differentiation to virtually immotile
Initially, the belief was that in Kartagener's syndrome the cilia were immotile
. However, studies have demonstrated that the cilia are not immotile