It's an experimental study with totally 30 subjects from both genders were selected based on inclusion criteria were aged from 20 to 30 years, chronic NSLBP of more than 3 months, body mass index range between 18.5 and 25 kg/[m.sup.2]; lumbar lordosis angle >34.76 cm;  iliopsoas muscle
tightness at least one side ("positive" from modified Thomas test);  pain intensity at least 3/10 on a 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS).
 described two cases where the pseudotumour extends into the abdominal space along the iliopsoas muscle
. We believe that it is essential to perform surgery by a multidisciplinary team and complete resection of the pseudotumour .
The mechanism of injury in children and adolescents is commonly a sudden, forceful contraction of the iliopsoas muscle
. (6,7) While similar movement in adults will produce tendon sprains and muscle strains, children often experience a complete avulsion fracture.
(5) After skin disinfection and draping, a 6-13 MHz linear US probe (probe SL3323, MyLabTouch, Esoate, Genova, Italy) was applied in a sterile fashion medially to the ASIS and caudally to the inguinal ligament, in order to obtain a short axis view of the iliopsoas muscle
. A skin wheal was raised with 0.5 mL of lidocaine 1%.
An intertrochanteric fracture occurs between the greater trochanter, where the gluteus maximus, gluteus medius and minimus muscles (Hip extensors and abductors) attach and the lesser trochanter, where the iliopsoas muscle
(Hip flexor) attaches.
The second compartment is a triangular groove that extends from the transverse process of L5 and the iliolumbar ligament cranially and between the psoas major and iliac muscles until they become fused as the iliopsoas muscle
caudally (Figure 4).
Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a low-density mass in the iliopsoas muscle
, raising suspicion of an iliopsoas abscess (Figure 1(a)).
Right leg exploration then confirmed abscess extension into the limb via the iliopsoas muscle
behind the inguinal ligament.
As a result of prolonged sitting the iliopsoas muscle
may become hypertonic, resulting in reciprocal inhibition of deep abdominal, interspinous, and gluteus muscle groups contributing to reduced stability and extensor mechanism dysfunction.
(39) A well-designed post-operative rehabilitation program for the hip should limit excessive hip flexion, or over-activation of the iliopsoas muscle
short-term, which may cause irritation and prolong recovery.
In cases of bleeding into the iliopsoas muscle
, the general treatment approach is replacement of the deficient factor and absolute bed rest until the bleeding stops.
According to Botte, hip's inward rotation may cause tension to iliopsoas muscle
, and also to capsular ligament of this joint, and finally will cause postural changes in one-side calcaneal eversion, lateral tilt is generated and results in shortness of limbs's functionality.